Ipomoea is a flower of the Convolvulus family. The name is due to the ability to curl. It is a poisonous winding vine with a heart-shaped leaf and funnel-shaped flowers of different colors with a short leg. You can find velvety and striped views of morning glory. In fact, it is one of the most beautiful garden vines. In gardening, these two types are used: morning glory tri-color (farbitis) and red-blue.
There are about 500 varieties of this flower. In decorative floriculture I use only 25 species. Morning glory blooms from mid-summer to mid-autumn. Its individual types can be either annual plants or perennials.
The birthplace of this magical flower is America. Its main features: the flower is undemanding to the soil, unpretentious, grows better in good sunlight. Morning glory leaves have beautiful shapes. Often the size of the flower ranges from 3 to 10 cm. Larger sizes are called a gramophone.
Very often, people plant morning glory on the balcony, use it to decorate gardens, vases and arches. She wraps herself nicely near the loggias and pillars. In flower beds, you can grow morning glory on tripods and pyramids. Also, an abundantly flowering plant can be bred in ampels.
Growing morning glory has some nuances. However, each flower requires its own approach, and this is no exception. With due attention, morning glory ripens anyway. So, it is necessary to consider the following factors: during development, it is worthwhile to substitute any supports for the buds; it is necessary to tie up the stems, otherwise they may break or get mechanical damage. As a support, you can use a wooden stick, wire or fishing line.
It is worth noting that morning glory propagates well by self-weight, i.e. Once spent on seeds, it will be possible not to complicate yourself with annual sowing.
For the regular cultivation of this flower in your area, it is enough not to remove the stems with seeds in the autumn.
You should also take into account the fact that all bindweed are malicious weeds. Therefore, you need to ensure that morning glory does not grow on a bed with vegetables or undersized flowers, because otherwise it will suppress them.
As already noted, the propagation of morning glory is carried out using seeds or layering. This process requires compliance with certain rules. For example, seedlings should be planted first in a greenhouse or in another warm room. After it blooms, you need to transplant it into the ground. In order for everything to work out, you must adhere to the instructions. The plant is best planted in tight pots, as this stimulates its growth.
Landing is necessary in an open sunny place. Due to the hard shell of the seeds, they should be soaked in warm water (1-2 days) before planting. If they do not swell well, it is better to puncture the seeds with a needle, and then return them to water again. Shoots also have their own characteristics: during the first 2-3 months they grow barely noticeable. However, you can see them after 5-10 days. They are resistant to various diseases and pests. It is often better not to resort to a transplant, as it takes a lot of energy. When implementing it, save a lump of land. It is necessary to transplant in late winter or early spring. The exact period can be determined by appearance. In the same way, you can set the size of the stem to be trimmed.
In the event that the soil is not completely nutritious, the flower needs to be fed with organic matter. For example, you can use compost for these purposes.
Twice a season, Ipomoea needs to be fed with complex fertilizer.
Watering should be done regularly so that the soil does not dry out.
This process is the main factor in the intensive growth of this exotic flower. It must be watered with warm water at room temperature. It should be noted the fact that morning glory does not tolerate prolonged stagnation of water. As a result, heavy watering is undesirable.
Pruning is done after flowering. In addition, this is not a particularly important stage of cultivation. Mostly dried and yellow leaves should be removed.
Ipomoea: delicate bindweed
It's important to know
You must always remember that morning glory is a poisonous plant (with the exception of Ipomoea batatas), so be sure to ensure that access to flower seeds for animals and children is limited.
There may be seedlings growing plants, but it should be borne in mind that morning glory rises in conditions of positive temperature (air temperature should not be less than 15 degrees). The flower does not tolerate the transplant, because of this it is necessary to carry out this process with a lump of earth, so as not to damage the root system.
Several varieties of morning glory can be planted at the same time, however, the plant should not be combined with other types of vines. This will adversely affect both flowers and adversely affect their appearance and growth.
Ipomoea blooms become more intense at the beginning of autumn and lasts until the first serious frost. As a result of tight planting, the flower forms a certain ball with interwoven vines. It is necessary to wait until the stems dry out, then it is better to free the supports from the plant.
The main pests of morning glory
Among the malicious pests of this flower, aphids and spider mites can be distinguished.
If the leaves of morning glory are covered with yellow spots, then often this indicates that the plant is affected by aphids, which can pierce the integument of the leaves, and then suck out the juices from the flower, highlighting honey dew. Dangerous for the plant soot fungus settles on this dew. If aphids are found on morning glory, it is necessary to treat it with a special insecticide.
Another great enemy of the flower is the spider mite. The main signs of plant damage to this insect are small dots and a spider web on the leaves. In this case, several days in a row you need to spray the plant with cold water.