Advice

Irga Canadian

Irga Canadian


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Irga canadensis is becoming popular due to the beneficial properties of berries. A detailed description of the varieties of canadian irgi will help summer residents navigate in the choice, acquiring a seedling of an unpretentious and frost-resistant plant.

Distinctive characteristics of the species

Irga canadensis or canadensis is a tall shrub with 3-20 trunks, depending on the variety. The plant develops rapidly. Mature bushes grow up to 6 m, live up to 50 years. If the trunk dies off, a new one is formed. Most of the roots lie at a depth of 50 cm, some deepen to 1.5 m, the branches fall below 3 m. The diameter of the bush reaches 2.5-5 m. Shoots are actively rising from the roots.

Warning! On poor soils, the bush has a lot of overgrowth to search for food. Light fertile soils contribute to less shoot formation.

The spreading crown of fruit varieties with drooping branches resembles an umbrella. The trunks are picturesquely curved, with a smooth warm brown bark. Young shoots are bright, reddish. Ovate finely serrated leaves 5-6 cm long on short, 1.5 cm petioles. The leaves are pubescent, with a silvery sheen, burgundy in autumn.

Flowers with white narrow petals, up to 2-2.5 cm in diameter, collected in clusters of 3-10 pieces, attract bees, are not afraid of frost -7 aboutC. Bloom from late April and bloom for 2 weeks.

The term "decorative" is often used to describe the canadensis. The plant is really beautiful, not only flowering. In early spring, the bush seems to be shrouded in a light fog when the buds open, the autumn crimson and the winding graphics of trunks and branches against the background of snow are picturesque.

A three-year-old bush of canadensis is beginning to bear fruit. The plant begins to actively bear fruit from 10 to 30-40 years of age. 6-18 kg of berries are harvested from one bush, depending on the variety. Rounded, pleasant-tasting apple-shaped berries weighing 1 g, 14-18 mm wide, ripen unevenly, from mid-July to late August. On the plant in summer, multi-colored berries with a bluish bloom hang: ripe dark purple, ripening blue and unripe pink. Berries contain 12% sugar, 1% fruit acids, 40% ascorbic acid, carotene, tannins and other active substances.

Sweet, slightly tart berries are rich in vitamins, have an anti-inflammatory effect, and affect metabolic processes.

Advantages of irgi:

  • Large-fruited;
  • Self-pollination;
  • Annual stable yield;
  • Undemanding to the soil;
  • Survives in urban smoke conditions and effectively absorbs noise;
  • Drought resistance and frost resistance: tolerates -40 aboutC;
  • Fast growth, 40 cm per year.

Among the shortcomings are called:

  • Extended fruiting;
  • Difficulty with uprooting: the growth takes a long time to break through.

Irga Canadian love to use in landscape design. Due to the active growth, the bushes are planted as a hedge every 0.7-2 m. You should not wait for a crop with this planting scheme, but a fence with lush greenery will quickly form. Irga Kanadskaya is great as a soloist, acts as a textured element in landscape compositions of a group of different plants.

What varieties belong to the type of canadian irgi

Irga - trees and shrubs from the Apple family, found in the wild in Europe and Asia. Plants were domesticated for gardening art, as tall, up to 8-11 m Lamarck's irgu. Particularly successful with breeders from Canada, who have developed large-fruited varieties with tasty berries based on bushes growing in North America.

Pembina

A productive shrub grows in width and height up to 5 m, forms little growth. Oval berries up to 1.4-1.5 cm in diameter, sweet. The variety can withstand severe frosts.

Thyssen

The earliest variety of Canadian Irgi, blue berries are harvested at the end of June. Due to early flowering in the northern regions, the plant can fall under return frosts. Frost resistance of a shrub growing up to 5 m in height and 6 in width - up to 28-29 aboutC. Large, juicy berries of 17-18 mm, pleasant taste, with an original refreshing acidity.

Smokey

A very common, high-yielding, latest variety, grown in large areas in Canada. The bush is low, 4.5 m, the same width, drooping branches, forms a lot of growth. The plant is resistant to diseases, blooms by the end of May, avoiding frost. Berries 14-15 mm, covered with dark blue skin, juicy, with tender, fleshy pulp. Up to 25 kg of sweet, without astringency, berries are harvested from one plant, tasty due to the balance of sugars and acids.

Sturgeon

The undersized irga is a recent success of breeders. Grows up to 2.5-3 m, bears fruit stably. Berries on long clusters, tasty, sweet, large.

Northline

A multi-stemmed plant with vertical trunks - 20-25 pieces, with a circumference of up to 6 m, rises up to 4 m. Creates a lot of growth. This variety requires a pollinator. Egg-shaped berries are large, with a black-blue skin, 16 mm, ripen together.

Reproduction of irgi canadian

There are several ways to propagate a favorite variety: green cuttings, seeds, division of the root system, layering and shoots.

  • 12-15 cm cuttings are cut from the last decade of June to the second decade of July from the tops of 5-6-year-old branches. Rooted in greenhouses, planted in spring;
  • Berries for seeds are selected from the most productive bushes, they are allowed to fully ripen. Sow immediately in the fall, covered with foil. If sowing in spring, the seeds are stratified for 80-90 days in the basement, placed in a bag of wet sand;
  • Having dug up the plant, the rhizome is divided with a sharp tool and long branches are cut off. Remove old branches and place delenki in new holes;
  • In early spring, near the lower healthy 1-2-year-old branches, a groove is dug, where the branch is laid, pinning with garden staples. Fall asleep with earth and watered. Plants develop from the buds;
  • In autumn or spring, young shoots are separated from the mother bush.

Advice! Shoots growing from the layers are spud 2-3 times per season to form strong roots.

Planting and caring for the Canadian Irga

Planting a non-capricious Canadian Irga is a standard procedure. Any planting period, depending on the climate of the region. In the south and in the middle lane, they are planted in the fall, until November. In areas with early frost, it will be most appropriate to plant Canadian Irga in the spring.

Site selection and preparation

Irga of fruit varieties grows on all types of soils, in shady places, it does not care for cold winds, but it is necessary to avoid swampy areas. Bushes can be planted from the north of the site both as a fruit crop and as a hedge. If an irgi is grown for picking berries, the holes are placed at a distance of 4-5 m. For pollinators, sea buckthorn, rose hips, and other varieties of irgi are selected. Although the varieties are mostly self-fertile, the yield will increase.

Attention! In crowded plantings, the trunks of light-loving irgi of any varieties grow upward and bear poor fruit.

How to choose seedlings

When buying an irgi seedling not in a container, make sure that the roots are fibrous, fresh, not shorter than 20 cm.The stem is without scratches, outgrowths, with smooth bark and swollen buds, at least 80-100 cm high. The best ones are 1-2 years old seedlings.

Planting procedure irgi canadian

A hole is dug in advance. Drainage is laid at the bottom. The depth of the hole for the bush is 0.5 m, the width is 0.6-0.65 m. The substrate is prepared on the basis of soil, adding humus, peat and sand. They also put 400 g of superphosphate, 150 g of potassium sulfate and 100 g of lime.

  • The root collar is not deepened;
  • The seedling is tilted at an angle of 45 degrees;
  • Having covered it with soil, watered, as in the photo of a Canadian irgi seedling, the trunk circle is mulched;
  • Shoots are shortened by a third, up to 15-20 cm, or 5 buds.

How to transplant an adult irgi bush to a new place

Moving the irgu, the roots are carefully dug up and lightly cut with a sharp instrument. Old branches and trunks are removed. A shrub over 6 years old takes roots deeper than 1 m and far in width. It is better to keep a lump of earth near the roots, at least 100 x 100 cm in size, up to 70 cm high. The pit should be larger and deeper in volume. The transplanted irga is watered and mulched.

Caring for Canadian Irga

Planting and caring for the Canadian Irga is simple. With good care, undemanding fruit varieties reach their full potential.

Watering

The developed roots of the irgi absorb the necessary moisture if it rains regularly. Irga of all varieties is watered only with prolonged drought: 2 waterings per month, 20-30 liters each, through a small diffuser, are enough. Young bushes are given the same rates.

Weeding and loosening the soil

The soil in the near-trunk circle is loosened after watering, removing weeds. Shallow weeding contributes to greater air permeability of the soil and better vital activity of the roots.

Top dressing of canadian irga during the season

Fertilizing the plant improves its development, productivity and quality of berries. Feeding begins 2-3 years after planting.

  • In early spring, up to 50 g of any nitrogen fertilizer is introduced into the trunk circle when loosening;
  • 2 weeks after flowering, foliar feeding of the irgi bush is carried out by dissolving 1-2 g of boric acid, zinc sulfate and copper sulfate in 10 liters of water;
  • During the summer season, the bush is fed monthly with organic matter: infusions of mullein, bird droppings or cut grasses. The solutions are introduced into 2-3 annular grooves along the crown projection;
  • Potash fertilizers (25-50 g) and 100 g of superphosphate are fed to irga in autumn. Potash preparations can be replaced with 0.5 liters of wood ash;
  • According to gardeners' reviews about Irga Canadian, it is more convenient to feed the plant with complex fertilizers.

Important! After dressing, the near-trunk circle is watered abundantly.

Pruning: terms and rules

Pruning increases the yield of the irgi bush. The plant consists of 10-15 shoots, which are periodically renewed, replacing with shoots. The signal for the removal of the old shoot is a small increase per year - only 10 cm. Cut the fruit irga before sap flow.

  • Sanitary pruning: removal of damaged branches thickening the crown, shoots are carried out in early spring;
  • Cutting off young shoots, 1-2 are left to replace old ones that are more than 10-12 years old;
  • Vertical shoots on young bushes are cut by a quarter of the growth of the previous year;
  • To stimulate the growth of the bush to the sides, young lateral branches are shortened;

With rejuvenating pruning of fruit varieties, shoots with a weak increase per ring are removed, and the rest are shortened to 2.5 m;

Advice! Places of large cuts are covered with garden pitch.

Preparing canadian irgi for winter

In the fall, irgu is prepared for a dormant period. After leaf fall, the branches are examined and dry and broken ones are cut off. All foliage is removed, the site is shallowly dug up. A frost-resistant plant is not covered. Young seedlings are covered with snow, which is removed in spring.

The nuances of planting and caring for Irga Canadian in the Moscow region

In the suburbs of all varieties of irgi bushes are planted in the spring. The plant does not need shelter. Only in frost without snow, the seedling is covered with agrofibre along the hay. An adult irgi bush is not covered. The near-trunk circle of a fruit variety plant is mulched with humus, covered with snow.

What diseases and pests can threaten the culture

Diseases

Symptoms

Control measures

Prevention

Tuberculariosis

Crimson shoots and foliage, wither. There are red growths

Affected shoots are removed and burned. Irga is treated with 1% Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate 2 times after 10 days

Cleaning fallen leaves and damaged branches

Gray rot

The base of the shoots and petioles, the berries are covered with dark wet spots, then a gray bloom

Irgu and the tree trunk circle of the plant are sprinkled with wood ash or colloidal sulfur

Reduces volume and frequency of watering

Leaf spot

On the leaves, spots of different colors, depending on the defeat by the type of fungus

Treatment with fungicides Horus, Skor, Topaz 2-3 times a week

Spraying with copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid before bud break

Moniliosis

Young branches dry after flowering

The diseased parts of the irgi bush are removed and burned

In early spring, the bush is treated with copper-containing preparations

Pests

Signs

Control measures

Prevention

Leaf roll

The leaves are rolled, with caterpillars

Insecticide treatment Ditox, Alatar

In the bud phase, irgu is sprayed with: Nexion

Irrigated seed-eater

The beetle makes a clutch in the ovary. The berries fall

After flowering sprayed with: Karate, Decis

Remove fallen unripe berries

Hawthorn

Caterpillars eat leaves

Sprayed on buds: Nexion

Arrivo, Decis are treated on unblown buds

Apple aphid

Young leaves are twisted, inside aphid colony. Leaves dry

Spray the affected tops by dissolving 300 g of laundry soap in 10 liters of water

On unblown buds, they are sprayed with insecticides (Sumition)

Speckled moth

The larvae feed on leaves, gnaw holes

Apply insecticides Konfidor-Maxi, Mospilan, Kinmiks

After collecting the berries, they process: Bitoxibacillin, Lepidocide

Conclusion

Guided by the description of the varieties of canadian irgi, choose a suitable seedling, preferably with a closed root system. Irga is unpretentious, resistant to diseases and the vagaries of the weather. The vitamin harvest of healthy berries, even from one plant, will delight for many years.

Testimonials

Olga, 47 years old, Penza region

I wrote out two seedlings of Canadian irgi - the Smokey and Thyssen varieties. They are growing for the second year. For the winter, she wrapped it in spruce branches. The plants came out in the spring without any problems, twisted around in buds, dismissed the leaves. Next year there will be the first berries.

Irina, 50 years old, Pskov

At the exhibition, four years ago, I bought a seedling of canadian irgi. I don’t know the variety, the name was lost on the way. The tree has been bearing fruit for two years. According to the description, oval berries are similar to Pembina, the flesh is sweet. And there are no overgrowths either, only this spring there was one shoot. We will take care, we will grow in two trunks, and then, maybe, other shoots will appear. The plant grew up to 2 m, bloomed profusely, there are small ovaries.

Boris, 56 years old, Kirov

Irga Canadian planted only this year, but I have been watching the bush for six years, growing with relatives. A shoot dug up in the fall, wrapped in sacking, was dug in by roots in the garden. I spent a great winter. Now the bush is developing well, the branches are growing. This is the Smokey variety. Indeed, the berries of the variety are very tasty, they do not knit. From a tree of 10 trunks, up to 10-12 kg of berries were collected.


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