In a joint planting with onion flowers, the bow looks great, but not simple, but decorative. There are a large number of varieties of the presented plant. All of them do not require special care and are frost-resistant. The bow well tolerates both shadow and sun. It is necessary to protect it from the wind, since inflorescences can break.
Decorative bow belongs to the onion family. In total there are approximately 500 of its varieties. The smell of this plant is specific. Bulbs can be of 2 types: surrounded by children or solitary. The rhizome is short.
Inflorescences of the umbrella type, hemispherical or spherical. Collected in a narrow bundle. Star-shaped flowers have 6 leaves, cup-shaped or in the form of bells.
The best varieties
There are many varieties of decorative onions. Flowering of various varieties is carried out in different ways: in July, May, June.
- Nectaroscorpium. The birthplace of this plant is Iraq, Iran or Central Europe. Height - up to 120 centimeters. Places prefers sunny, windless. The soil should be slightly moist. Flowering occurs in June. Inflorescences look very interesting: first a cocoon appears, and then small ovaries of flowers come out of it. Then the flowers open and wilt. Petals are very beautiful - greenish yellow-brown. The best neighbors for nectaroscorium are dim plants.
- Allium Sphaerocephalon. The variety Allium Sphaerocephalon reaches a height of 60 centimeters. Inflorescences are first green, then become purple-burgundy. Prefers not very moist soils and sunny places. Great neighbors for the plant will be yellow yarrow, catnip and roses.
- Mother of Pearl. The variety has light purple petals. It looks very attractive both live and in the photo.
- Round. Has reddish-purple shells of onions and bulbs. The inflorescences are dark; instead of flowers, there may be onions. It grows in dry fields and steppes.
- Bear or wild garlic. Bulbs have white shells, the shape is cylindrical. The leaves are narrowed, reaching a width of 38 centimeters. The stem without leaves, has a narrow umbrella, which includes star-shaped white flowers. Flowering occurs in May.
- Blue bow Bulbs in diameter can reach 2 centimeters. The stalk is meter-tall, in the lower part there are trihedral leaves. Inflorescence can have small onions. The flowers are blue, bell-shaped, in length reach 5 millimeters. Flowering occurs in July. There are decorative varieties of cabbage that look very exotic on flower beds in combination with decorative onions.
- Paniculate. The bulb is oval. The diameter is 2.5 centimeters. Leaves are placed at the bottom of the stem. The stem height reaches 70 centimeters. Flowers can be white, yellow, brownish.
- Daffodil. On a short rhizome there are narrow bulbs. The stem height reaches 35 centimeters. The flowers are bell-shaped, pink, in length reach one and a half centimeters. Flowering occurs in July-August.
Propagation of decorative onions
Any decorative variety of onions propagated by inflorescences (if present), daughter bulbs, division of rhizomes, seeds. Each variety has its own unique characteristics.
Many varieties of onions require cold stratification; they are sown before winter. Dry storage of planting material contributes to the rapid growth of onions. Flowering of small varieties occurs for 3 years after planting, large - for the 5th year.
Planting adult bulbs in the soil is made to a depth of 2 diameters. Around them leave about 30 centimeters. A transplant takes place every 4 years.
If seeds are used for cultivation, the planting material must be well ripened, otherwise the plants will be pale.
Decorative onions: growing
Landing and care
Before planting, the soil is fertilized with minerals and rotted compost.
Important! Potassium content should be sufficient. You can increase its concentration with the help of wood ash. In the summer, liquid mineral fertilizers are applied. In August, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are added to the soil.
The best option for onions is sunny places. The soil can be any; it is not specifically required to moisten it. However, there are a number of varieties that need additional attention: daffodil, bear, amazing. They prefer moderate watering, shade and fertile soil.
The most shade-tolerant varieties are amazing and bearish. Those onions that naturally grow in arid places are poorly related to waterlogging (Schubert's onion, Christoph's onion, Altai).
The most thorough care is needed for pink and Neapolitan varieties. They do not tolerate winter well and should be grown in southern areas.
The basic rule of care - ensuring good water permeability of the soil. Bulbs must not rot! But during the growth of peduncles, which look great in the photo, moderate watering should be carried out, which is carried out as the soil dries.
Tall plants must be protected from the wind during flowering. After flowering, care is not required, the greens will die on their own.
The cultivation of decorative forms of onions will not deliver much trouble. The plant tolerates both drought and frost. Soil characteristics practically do not play a role.
Combination with other plants
Varieties blooming in June look great with hazel grouse, and Allium Christophii looks good next to perennials, namely:
- garden geranium;
If you get rid of yellowed leaves, inflorescences can be used as decorative.
When planting in a flower garden, it is better to place the seeds in the second row, and not in the first, with this arrangement, when the plants wither, they will be covered by other flowers. The height of the decorative bow generally reaches 80-120 centimeters.
Rock gardens and rocky slides are a suitable place for decorative onions. In this case, it is better to use such varieties as:
In landscape parks, at the edges and glades use:
Slime, angular and chisel are planted on flower beds and in curbs. For distillation - Neapolitan and pink.
Large varieties can be placed throughout the flower garden. So the plants will look natural. Small species are best planted in containers.
Onions are good in dry bouquets. But it is necessary to dry it correctly, for this the plant is hung upside down in a dark, ventilated room. Fresh onions are used in summer bouquets.
Decorative bow: varieties
So, these plants, although called onions, but look very decorative. Planting is done in pre-prepared soil. The plant loves light, but feels good in the shade. Do not wet the soil further. Of the neighboring flowers, the bow gets along well with roses, delphinium, hosta. It is often used to decorate rock gardens and rocky hills, landscape parks, borders and flower beds. Also, the plant looks great both in cut and in dry bouquets.