Many gardeners are interested in varieties of early-maturing large-fruited tomatoes. One of them, Tomato Family F1 is a great option. This hybrid does not require special growing conditions, unpretentious in care. So it is worth purchasing seeds and finding out in practice whether the tomato matches the description and characteristics.
Description of the hybrid
An early ripe hybrid is a product of Russian selection and is included in the State Register. The maximum ripening period for tomatoes is 115 days from the moment of germination. The originators recommend growing the Family tomato in greenhouses, including polycarbonate greenhouses and in the open field.
Tomato variety from the determinant group, plant height up to 110 cm, depending on the place of cultivation. The bush is compact, with dark green wrinkled leaves of the usual tomato shape.
Race-shaped inflorescences, with a large number of flowers. They have the ability to tie perfectly in any conditions, so there are no barren flowers on the bunches. 5-6 tomatoes are formed in each cluster.
Fruits are round, large, weighing up to 200 grams. There are specimens of greater mass. In technical ripeness, the fruits are deep red. It is possible to determine that the Family tomato variety is fully ripe by the disappearance of the dark green spot in the region of the stalk.
The flesh of the fruit is dense, sugary. Each tomato has many chambers that contain many seeds. The fruits of the variety are sweet and sour in taste, with a rich tomato aroma.
Attention! The fruits of the Family hybrid contain lycopene, which enhances the body's immunity to cancer and heart ailments.
The family tomato is a fruitful variety according to the description, but excellent fruiting is possible if you fully adhere to agricultural technology.
Let's take a look at the positive and negative aspects of these tomatoes.
- Early ripeness. Vitamin products are available at the end of June.
- Productivity. On average, one bush gives about 4 kg of large fruits. With good care, you can get 7 kg of tomatoes. When grown in greenhouse conditions, about 19 kg are harvested per square meter. Just look at the photo, how appetizing the Family tomatoes look.
- Susceptibility to the environment. Unfavorable conditions practically do not affect the yield. Tomatoes of the variety do not experience much discomfort with shading and small temperature changes.
- Place of cultivation. In private household plots, Family tomatoes can be grown in open and protected ground.
- Fruit set. Ovaries appear in place of the flower, practically without barren flowers.
- Harvesting. The fruits are harvested in milk ripeness, they are perfectly ripened, do not lose their presentation and taste.
- Storage features. Tomatoes of the variety are perfectly stored, do not crack. The fruits are able to withstand long-term transportation.
- Using. The Family hybrid has a universal purpose. In addition to fresh consumption, tomatoes can be used for salads, lecho, ketchup and barrel canning. For blanks in cans, the Family variety is not suitable, due to its large size. Do not make juice from it, as they contain little liquid.
- Immunity. Diseases such as tobacco mosaic virus, cladosporium, fusarium, rootworm nematodes are rare.
Cons of a hybrid
Based on the description and characteristics of the Family tomato variety, negative features, according to reviews of gardeners who have been cultivating for more than one year, have not been identified. It can be considered as a disadvantage, perhaps, the impossibility of obtaining seeds. Indeed, according to gardeners, hybrids in the second generation lose their maternal qualities.
Is it possible to collect seeds from hybrids:
With the right choice of the timing of sowing seeds for seedlings, observing crop rotation, as well as observing the standards for caring for the F1 Family tomato, a stable harvest is guaranteed. The difference between growing a hybrid from other tomato plants is the mandatory feeding at the seedling stage and in the ground with mineral fertilizers.
The tomato variety is grown for early vitamin production, therefore it is propagated by seedlings.
Unlike other tomatoes, the Family hybrid requires a special soil composition, which is prepared 12-14 days before sowing the seeds. During this time, beneficial bacteria will begin to actively work in the soil, having a beneficial effect on plant growth.
The soil consists of the following components:
- garden land;
- humus or compost;
- rotted sawdust;
- river sand;
- wood ash.
The ingredients are mixed, poured with boiling water with added potassium permanganate crystals.
The seed is carefully inspected:
- If the seeds have damage and black dots, then they are discarded.
- Then they are poured with saline. Unsuitable for planting specimens will float. They are washed in clean water.
- The remaining seeds are washed in a manganese solution. Wash again with water and dry slightly.
Family tomato seeds are sown for seedlings 45-55 days before planting in a permanent place. This time is enough to get quality seedlings.
If necessary, moisten the soil, make grooves every four centimeters and spread the seeds to a depth of 10 mm in 3 cm increments. Put glass on top or stretch cellophane to accelerate seed germination.
You can immediately sow seeds of the Family variety in separate cups, cassettes, if picking is not planned. In this case, when transplanting seedlings into large containers, the root system is not injured. Only the consumption of seeds will increase, since 2-3 seeds will have to be planted in each cup, followed by the removal of weak seedlings.
Advice! If you don't have standard cups, you can make them out of regular newsprint. When landing in a permanent place, land directly with the "containers".
Boxes or individual cups are placed on a bright window. At a temperature of 20-23 degrees, seedlings will appear in 5-6 days. When half of the seeds hatch, the film is removed. It is not recommended to do this earlier. As gardeners write in the reviews, the Family tomato grows unevenly. And without a film or glass, plants will sprout later, and in the future they will lag behind in development.
Features of seedling care
- When half of the shoots appear, it is necessary to reduce the temperature to 18 degrees. This little trick will speed up the formation of first-order flower brushes.
- Three days after all the tomato seeds have hatched, it is necessary to fertilize with calcium nitrate.
- The next time, the seedlings are re-fed before diving, combining potassium nitrate and sodium humate.
- Water the seedlings of the Family tomato as needed and loosen the ground.
Important! Water stagnation in seedlings should be avoided to avoid damage to the root system.
When 3-4 leaves appear on the seedlings grown in a common box, the plants are transplanted into separate containers with a volume of at least 700 ml. The composition of the soil should be the same as before sowing the seeds.
The earth in the box is moistened and the seedlings are selected with any convenient tool, along with a clod of earth. Transplanted seedlings of tomato Family are watered and removed from direct sunlight for several days. To understand that tomatoes are rooted easily by the turgor of the leaves: they will again become elastic and green. After 7 days, the plants are again fed with potassium fertilizer with sodium humate.
Landing and care
Seedlings of the Family variety, ready for transplanting, should be stocky, have more than five leaves. The stem diameter is within 7 cm, and the plant height is 25-30 cm.
In open ground, planting tomatoes should be planned after the establishment of stable weather, when temperatures above zero at night will be stable. But you still have to cover the plants with foil to avoid sudden temperature changes.
Attention! Tomato seedlings can be planted in heated greenhouses in the third decade of April, after spilling the soil with hot water.
If the soil has not been prepared in the fall, a few days before planting the tomato is fertilized, dug up and well spilled with a hot pink solution of potassium permanganate. A handful of wood ash is added to each hole. It is necessary to saturate the soil with nutrients and as a preventive measure for blackleg.
On one square meter, no more than three plants of the Family variety are planted. As farmers write in reviews, thickened plantings dramatically reduce yields, and care becomes more difficult.
After planting, the seedlings are shed for better rooting. Then watering is repeated only after two weeks. The lower leaves are cut off before the first inflorescence so that they do not draw off food, and the plants themselves are tied up.
Form a tomato into 2-3 stalks. Caring for the Family F1 tomato variety, as gardeners often write in reviews, is complicated by the presence of a large number of stepchildren. They must be removed during the entire growing season.
The growing leaves are also removed under each formed brush. As a result, you should get a bush, on which, apart from brushes with tomatoes, there will be nothing. The stems and bunches of this tomato variety must be tied up constantly.
Watering and feeding
You need to water the tomatoes of the variety once a week. If the plants are planted outdoors, then the irrigation is adjusted depending on the weather. Only warm water is used for irrigation.
When the fruits begin to set, Family tomatoes must be fed with a complex of mineral fertilizers, which should include:
- Ammonium nitrate - 20g;
- Potassium sulfate - 30 g;
- Magnesium sulfate - 10 g;
- 3% potassium humate - 25 g.
As a rule, during the season, tomatoes of the Family variety are fed 4 times at the root. Foliar feeding of plants is carried out in the evening in dry weather. Tomatoes take well spraying with a solution of iodine, boric acid, potassium permanganate, ash extract. In addition to nutrition, such treatments do not allow the development of diseases.
When growing tomatoes of the variety indoors, the moisture balance must be observed. To prevent condensation from forming, which negatively affects fertilization and provokes diseases, the greenhouse must be ventilated.
Lydia, 45 years old, Yekaterinburg
Last summer, for the first time, I planted several bushes of Semeyny tomatoes in the greenhouse and outside. The harvest pleased me, only on the street I gathered a little less tomatoes. The most likely cause was the unstable summer. The tomatoes are delicious, I prepared summer salads from them, various preparations for the winter. I still had seeds of the Semeyny variety, but I decided to try to stock up on my own seed. In the spring I will sow both those and others, so that one can compare.
Darima, 36 years old, Buryatia
The Family tomato variety has been growing in the country for several years. Excellent tomatoes with sweet and sour taste. I grow it in a greenhouse, I have never been sick. I carry out preventive treatment of tomato bushes with iodine solution annually. I advise you to plant it, you will not regret it.