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Thin-leaved peony Rubra Plena is a herbaceous perennial shrub named after the legendary physician Peon, who healed not only people, but also gods from serious wounds. The plant is decorative and medicinal. All parts of the culture contain tannins, essential oils, vitamins, minerals and bioflavonoids, and have a tonic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, sedative, anticonvulsant and bactericidal effect.
Description of the herbaceous peony Rubra Plena
Rubra Plena is a hemispherical thin-leaved terry peony with shiny red, ruby or cherry blossoms. The height of an adult plant varies from 51 to 88 cm. Rubra Plena thin-leaved peony is formed by rather thick shoots with a slight curvature. The leaves are dark green. For peony officialis Rubra Plena, middle latitudes with loamy soils with good drainage and high moisture capacity are excellently suited.
Thin-leaved peony Rubra Plena is considered a winter-hardy crop, which is not afraid of negative temperatures down to -41 ° C. The shrub is photophilous, so sunny places are best suited for it. In the midst of hot summer, the plant should provide light partial shade in the hours before and after noon. If you place a thin-leaved peony in an area with abundant shade, it may not bloom or its inflorescences will be very small in size.
Seedlings of fine-leaved peony Rubra Plena appear already in April, when the soil warms up to a temperature of +6 ° C. Over the next month, the formation of the upper aboveground part occurs, after which buds appear.
The opened Rubra Plena bud is distinguished by a spherical or bomb-shaped shape
Looking at it evokes an association with a luxurious double flower, decorated with bright pompoms. Gradually, the petals become lighter. The delicate bud has a pleasant, enchanting and delicate aroma. The first inflorescences can be seen in mid-May, they continue to delight the eye for 14-20 days. They are not afraid of sunlight, do not fade and adhere perfectly to the bush.
Application in design
Thin-leaved peony Rubra Plena is actively used in the organization of solar mixborders and rock gardens
One glance at a photo of a thin-leaved peony Rubr Plain is enough to appreciate the outstanding external data of the culture. The shrub can be planted in almost any area or flower garden.
In the design, the peony is used as a decoration for gazebos, paths and other garden elements.
Thin-leaved peony goes well with other representatives of flowering perennials
Irises, clematis, phloxes, lilies, tulips and roses can become neighbors in the flower bed.
Since the shrub has an early flowering period, it can be planted with galanthus, crocus and daffodil. Miniature conifers are good neighbors.
Thin-leaved peony Rubra Plena is propagated by layering, dividing the bush or cuttings. The optimal time for division is the period from the second half of August to the beginning of autumn. The shrub is dug up and pruning is performed 10 cm from the root, followed by rinsing of the root system. A seedling with a couple of three buds and a rhizome up to 15 cm in length is suitable for planting. Smaller specimens require additional care, while larger specimens have problems with adaptation.
Medicinal peony Rubra Plena does not tolerate the neighborhood with buildings of stone and brick, large bushes and trees with a spreading crown. The culture is unpretentious to soils, but fertile, loose, slightly acidic soil with increased moisture capacity is best suited for it. Sandy soil is considered completely unsuitable for a plant. A thin-leaved peony is planted, adhering to the following recommendations:
- A shrub is planted in a hole 60 cm wide and deep. The hole is filled with a soil mixture of sand, peat, garden soil and humus, taken in equal parts. The soil should be fertilized with superphosphate, bone meal and wood ash.
- During the deepening of the seedling, it is necessary to monitor the buds, which should be 6 cm below the ground level.
- A distance of about 1 m must be maintained between the peony and other plants.
When planting in too clayey soil, sand is added to it, in the case of planting in sandy soils, clay is added. Before planting begins, the material requires disinfection for half an hour with a saturated solution of potassium permanganate or garlic infusion. The seedling must be kept in a solution of heteroauxin, then dried and rubbed with charcoal. After completing these manipulations, the seedling is placed in a previously prepared hole with a sand cushion.
Planting and transplanting a thin-leaved peony Rubra Plena is allowed only in the autumn period
The culture does not tolerate stagnant water, which provokes decay of the root system. At a high risk of soil freezing, they resort to container growing: seedlings are placed in boxes or barrels. They are located in flower beds or in front gardens during the warm season, and with the onset of autumn they are removed to a cellar or a place prepared in advance with comfortable temperature conditions.
Despite the fact that the Rubra Plena thin-leaved peony has strong stems, it needs support in the form of support. A perennial herb does not require special care; regular watering and feeding is enough for it. When buds form, as well as during flowering, the soil needs abundant watering (at least 2.5 buckets for each plant). With the onset of spring, the shrub is fed with organic fertilizers, and during the budding period and in the middle of autumn, mineral complexes are introduced.
The soil must be periodically loosened and mulched. Otherwise, the earth will dry out quickly. If the fine-leaved peony Rubra Plena does not want to bloom, it is worth resorting to thinning (removing excess plants from nests and rows to accelerate growth). At the beginning of flowering, the shrub requires pinching with the removal of lateral buds that are too small in size. Thanks to this, the inflorescences can be made large and lush.
Humus, horse humus, urea and ammonium nitrate are suitable for feeding the thin-leaved peony Rubra Plena. If the shrub grows on fertile alkaline soil, it practically does not need fertilizing and fertilization. If the crop develops on poor sandy soil, it needs to be fertilized twice a year. The foliar method is also suitable for feeding young plants: in the second half of May, seedlings are sprayed with a solution of a complex mineral readily soluble fertilizer.
Thin-leaved peony Rubra Plena needs abundant watering during the first weeks after planting in the ground. Watering an adult plant should be rare but abundant. After watering, the soil in the area of the trunk circle is loosened. Good soil moisture is very important before flowering as well as during bud formation. It is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the near-stem circle of a thin-leaved peony, removing weeds and subjecting it to periodic loosening.
Preparing for winter
Before the onset of cold weather, the shrub needs pruning 6-7 cm above the ground level.
Before the onset of winter, Rubra Plena thin-leaved peony should be sprinkled with peat 6-7 cm
It is not recommended to remove mulching materials until early spring, when red shoots appear on the shoot.
Pests and diseases
With prolonged damp weather conditions or when the soil is flooded, the shrub can be affected by gray rot, which leads to a slowdown in the growth rate and death of the plant. The best prevention of this disease is considered to be the treatment with Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate solution. Do it no more than twice during the period of vegetative development. Among pests and parasites, the culture has practically no enemies.
For the prevention of various diseases characteristic of the thin-leaved peony Rubra Plena, periodic cutting is done, followed by burning the remains of the stems.
Thin-leaved peony Rubra Plena is not only an ornamental crop, but also a miraculous healing plant that can relieve depression, insomnia, neurosis, allergies and mental disorders, as well as establish metabolic processes in the body, improve the condition of hair, nails and skin. Florists all over the world note its unpretentiousness, bright appearance and therapeutic properties.
Reviews of the peony Rubra Plena
Nina Grigorievna, 65 years old, Ryazan
I decided to plant several bushes of a thin-leaved peony Rubra Plena in my suburban area. Despite the fact that the winter was rather harsh, and the thermometer dropped below -30 ° C, the shrub survived and bloomed the next year. I plan to plant peonies along the garden path, as well as decorate the flowerbed under the windows. I love this culture for its amazing aroma and beautiful inflorescences.
Alina Gennadievna, 69 years old, Moscow region
Thin-leaved peonies Rubra Plena have been growing in my garden for several years. I want to note the unpretentiousness of this shrub and the absence of problems associated with leaving. Provided adequate watering and periodic feeding, the plant surprises with its high growth rates. I use dried inflorescences for the preparation of infusions and herbal teas.