To obtain an early harvest of potatoes, it is necessary to select early ripening fruit varieties. Since today the range of potato varieties and hybrids is quite wide, not every gardener can make the right choice. An accurate description of the plant with detailed characteristics and growing characteristics will be required. One of the interesting varieties of potatoes is Baron.
Potato variety Baron was created by Russian scientists at the Ural Research Institute of Agriculture. This early maturing plant for table purposes was included in the State Register of Plant Growing in the Russian Federation in 2006. Recommended for growing on private backyards and on an industrial scale.
Attention! Baron is the parent of another variety - Barin potatoes.
Potatoes Baron - one of the best domestic varieties of early ripening. Fully ripe potatoes are harvested 60-70 days after germination. Young potatoes can be dug in after 45 days. It is not liquid, and the skin is thin, easy to peel.
Baron potatoes are distinguished by their height and power. Shrubs of leaf type, semi-erect. Leaves are rich green, medium in size. Flower corollas are medium-sized red-purple in color. Shoots appear amicably. Plants develop well, so the tops close quickly.
Tubers of the Baron variety are oval-round, large. The potato size ranges from 110-195 grams. The eyes are reddish, located at an average depth. The dense yellow skin provides reliable protection against damage.
The light creamy flesh does not change during cooking. Tubers contain a large amount of ascorbic acid, few carotenoids. Starch content within 14%.
Baron's potatoes are distinguished by excellent taste, which confirms its popularity:
- moderately crumbly;
- does not darken at the end of cooking;
- suitable for soups, mashed potatoes, French fries.
Advantages and disadvantages
It is possible to grow the Baron potato variety in any climatic conditions, since it quickly acclimatizes and easily tolerates temperature changes. Gardeners note the following advantages:
- High yield: from 11 to 23 kg / ha, and if all agrotechnical standards are observed, about 37 kg / ha. Up to 10-12 large potatoes are formed in one bush.
- Commodity component up to 96%, keeping quality up to 95%.
- It gives a good harvest both in drought and high humidity.
- The variety is resistant to potato crayfish, slightly affected by the golden potato cyst nematode.
- Tubers are practically not affected by late blight.
- Thanks to the dense skin, you can harvest with a combine harvester and rinse the potatoes before storing them.
If we talk about the disadvantages of the variety, then it should be noted:
- susceptibility of foliage to late blight;
- damage to plants with common scab when grown on an industrial scale.
You can plant Baron potatoes on any soil. The plant works well in elevated, well-lit areas. The best predecessors are cabbage and root vegetables. A vegetable is planted in one place for no more than two years. It is not recommended to use areas where other nightshade crops were grown.
Advice! The use of crop rotation will allow you to get rid of diseases and pests.
For planting, choose medium tubers. Experienced gardeners are guided by the size of a chicken egg. Potatoes must be germinated and treated with special preparations from pests. Three days before planting, they are warmed up in the sun so that the potatoes rise faster and give an early harvest.
An experienced vegetable grower will tell you how to germinate and prepare potato tubers for planting correctly:
Important! Tubers ready for planting should have strong sprouts no more than 1 cm.
Before plowing or digging, ammonium nitrate (15-20 grams) or urea (10-15 grams) is scattered on the site for each square meter. Organic lovers can use compost or rotted manure, wood ash. Tubers are planted a day after plowing so that the soil settles a little.
Potatoes of the Baron variety are planted to a depth of 15 cm with a step between holes of 30 cm, in row spacing of 45-50 cm for ease of processing. Early potatoes are planted in May. In some regions at the beginning, in others - closer to the end of the month (climatic features are taken into account).
Caring for the Baron potato variety practically does not differ from standard activities:
- treatment for diseases and pests;
- with persistent drought - watering.
Before the emergence of shoots, the site is harrowed. This is necessary to stimulate plant growth and remove weeds. When the stems reach a height of 20-25 cm, the plantings are weeded and spud. For better tuberization, the procedure can be repeated one more time.
Prevention of late blight is done before the first hilling of potatoes. Means such as Acrobat, Ridomil gold "work" well on the Baron variety.
In areas where plantings suffer from the Colorado potato beetle, it is necessary to treat the potatoes with special preparations. As a rule, the descendants of this insect are very voracious, capable of destroying the entire crop.
For the prevention of common scab, the potato field after digging can be sown with siderates: oil radish, mustard, phacelia. In the spring, the remains of plants are simply plowed over. At the same time, the structure of the soil improves, the plants are less sick.
Advice! The Baron variety is drought-resistant. But if the heat lasts for a long time, especially during the flowering period, the garden must be watered. It is better to use sprinkling of plantings. In this case, moisture is distributed evenly, water has time to be absorbed into the soil.
When growing potatoes, the Baron is fed twice. First time in soil preparation. The soil is fed with compost, humus or superphosphate, potassium salt.
To improve plant growth, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied. After all, the more powerful the tops, the greater the yield and the larger the potatoes. Nitrogen fertilization is applied before the second hilling.
During bud formation, Baron potatoes are fed dry wood ash before rain or watering.
Diseases and pests
In the description of the Ural seed growers, the high resistance of the Baron potato variety to many viral and fungal diseases is noted. This is clearly seen in the table:
|Late blight of tubers||6|
|Late blight of leaves||6|
|Potato nematode (RoI)||7|
You can understand how resistant a variety is to diseases by points:
- strong susceptibility - 1-3 points;
- moderate susceptibility - 4-5 points;
- moderate resistance - 6-7 points;
- good stability - 8-9 points.
As can be seen from the table, the Baron potato variety is resistant to fungal and viral diseases. For the prevention of common scab, the bushes are sprayed with special agents.
The main pest is the Colorado potato beetle. Before planting, the tubers are treated with Prestige. Beetle larvae from potatoes are harvested by hand. Bears and wireworms harm plants. Traps are used to control these pests.
The main crop of the Baron variety is harvested two, two and a half months after germination. It is recommended to mow the potato tops a week before digging so that the outflow of nutrients goes to the tubers.
At home, they dig in the bushes with a pitchfork and choose potatoes. Farmers can use combine harvesters. Cleaning is done in dry sunny weather.
The harvested potatoes are left for 2-3 hours in the sun, so that the earth spreads around, and the tubers dry out. Then the vegetables are stored in a dark room with good ventilation. Bulkhead tubers are engaged in 10 days. Small and planting potatoes are immediately selected. It is poured into different compartments of the basement for storage.
Potato Baron is especially popular among Russians for its unpretentious care and resistance to many diseases. But the main thing is taste. At first, potatoes were recommended for growing in the Volga-Vyatka region, but over time it conquered almost all Russian regions. And it works great everywhere.
Vladimir, 64 years old, Yaroslavl
The Baron variety of early potatoes was shared with me by a neighbor in the country. I did not experience any special difficulties in growing. Great potatoes: fruitful and tasty. I advise everyone.
Victoria, 43 years old, Trans-Baikal Territory.
Baron really likes potatoes. The tubers are smooth, clean, large. Some of them weigh up to 200 grams! We plant potatoes in the second decade of May, we begin to dig in young tubers at the end of July. Care is not difficult, especially since we do not have the Colorado potato beetle.
Anna, 50 years old, Kaluga
I grow potatoes for sale. The early ripe Baron is perfect for these purposes. I plant it in early May, and already at the end of June I begin to dig in young potatoes. Shatters instantly. There is nothing to be surprised: the potato tubers of this variety are delicious in any form.