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Buzulnik (Ligularia) is an original ornamental plant for decorating the local area. The culture looks great in shaded areas, near artificial reservoirs. Planting and caring for a buzulnik does not differ in complex agricultural technology.
Buzulnik bushes can be used as a tapeworm plant
Features of flowering buzulnik
Buzulnik bloom begins in July and lasts until September. The plant produces tall peduncles (up to 1 m tall) with original inflorescences.
Inflorescences can be different (depending on the variety): thyroid, spike-shaped, racemose.
Buzulnik flowers are in the shape of baskets, in appearance they resemble a classic chamomile. Tubular flowers are inconspicuous, most often yellow-brown in color. The color range of the marginal reed colors can be different: from bright yellow to yellow-orange with a whitish or reddish tint.
Buzulnik flowers reach a diameter of up to 10 cm.
After the completion of budding on the peduncles, fruits are formed in the form of a crested achene.
The flowering of the culture is accompanied by an unobtrusive, light aroma
Buzulnik in landscape design
Professional photos of a buzulnik in the garden allow us to conclude that a powerful and luxurious ornamental bush has found wide application in modern landscape design:
- as a solitary plant for single planting;
- for a tight fit;
- for planting in the background flower beds;
- as a curb plant;
- for decorating the tree trunk space;
- for decorating lawns;
- for location along the walls of houses, buildings, fences;
- to decorate the shore of a water body.
Flowers and herbs with a brighter color of foliage and inflorescences (cuff, daylily, hosta) are chosen as "neighbors" in the garden for the buzulnik. In the photo - a buzulnik in landscape design in a composition with clematis of various shades of purple, pink phlox, scarlet roses, lilac lilies.
Blooming ornamental plants with purple, red, purple, pink flowers look perfect next to the buzulnik.
Features of breeding buzulnik
Like many other representatives of the Astrov family, Buzulnik reproduces in a vegetative and seed way. Young bushes obtained as a result of the second method begin to bloom in 3-4 years. Plants propagated by dividing the rhizome produce flower stalks the next summer after transplanting.
Very often, ornamental culture propagates by self-sowing.
Reproduction of buzulnik by seeds
Seed propagation of buzulnik can be spontaneous (self-seeding), seedlings and by sowing in open ground.
Experienced growers note that growing a buzulnik from seeds collected at home has its own "disadvantages":
- home seeds do not always ripen and retain germination properties;
- in most cases, the plants lose the characteristics of the variety;
- flowering of plants grown from home seeds occurs only 3-4 years after planting.
For seed propagation in a seedless way, seeds are sown in open ground in late autumn (late November) to ensure natural stratification. The material is buried by 1.5 cm. Given the low percentage of germination, the seeds of the buzulnik should be sown into the ground rather close to each other. For the winter, crops are covered with peat, sawdust, straw or fallen leaves. In the spring, the shelter is removed, the first shoots are shaded. Twice (with an interval of 2 weeks) the seedlings are thinned out, then (if necessary) are transplanted to a permanent place of residence.
In seedling propagation, seeds are stratified within 2 months, sown in special containers to a depth of 0.5 cm and germinated in greenhouse conditions under a film.
Important! Buzulnik seedlings are not dived, only thinned out.
After the establishment of stable warm weather, the seedlings are hardened and transplanted into open ground.
For propagation of buzulnik from seeds, it is best to use seeds purchased in specialized stores.
How to propagate a buzulnik by dividing a bush
Dividing a bush or dividing the root system is the simplest and most productive way of breeding a buzulnik, which has significant advantages over seed reproduction:
- the varietal characteristics of the mother plant are fully preserved;
- all propagated daughter bushes form more lush and large foliage, are characterized by abundant flowering and the brightest color of inflorescences and leaves;
- bushes begin to produce flower stalks the next summer after rooting.
The division of the root system of the buzulnik is carried out in early spring when the first leaves appear. The mother bush does not need to be completely dug out (with a shovel, the parts that are necessary in size, containing viable shoots and buds, are separated).
For a complete separation, the mother bush is carefully dug out along with a lump of earth. Using a shovel, plots with 2-3 healthy kidneys are separated. They are washed with a solution of potassium permanganate, the rotted, soft, dry, damaged parts of the roots are removed. Places of cuts are sprinkled with wood ash. The plots are planted in prepared wells fertilized with organic matter.
The division of the buzulnik bush is carried out in early spring as the plant grows, with a frequency of every 5-6 years
Growing seedlings of buzulnik from seeds
Growing a buzulnik from seeds at home involves pasturing seedlings. Sowing material should be pre-stratified (cold treated) within 2 months.
Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in the first decade of March.
Shallow plastic or wooden boxes are chosen as containers.
For sowing buzulnik seeds for seedlings, a soil mixture is prepared from a mixture of garden soil and mineral fertilizers.
Algorithm for sowing seeds for seedlings:
- shallow grooves (up to 0.5 cm) are thoroughly moistened;
- sow seeds;
- sprinkle with earth, press a little;
- covered with glass or foil to create a greenhouse effect.
After the emergence of seedlings, the shelter is removed, the seedlings are moistened as the top layer of the earth in the container dries up.
A pick is not made, since the plants are sensitive to transplants. When 2-3 permanent leaves appear, the seedlings are thinned out, leaving the strongest and healthiest seedlings.
2 weeks before transplanting into open ground, the seedlings are hardened. At the end of May, young plants are transplanted into open ground. Small depressions in the ground are fertilized with humus, wood ash and superphosphate. Seedlings are placed in holes, pressed against the ground around the bush, watered abundantly.
The first time after moving the seedlings into open ground, the plants must be shaded in the daytime.
Planting and caring for a buzulnik in the garden
A garden buzulnik requires minimal effort and attention, since the plant has the highest level of stress resistance. The culture is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, it can grow in the shade, it feels comfortable in places of stagnant water. Nevertheless, planting a plant must be taken with responsibility, since in the same place, ligularia can grow for about 10 years. If all the rules for preparing the soil for planting are observed, the plants do not need feeding for the first 2-3 years. In the photo - a buzulnik flower, planting and caring for which will allow you to get a magnificent ornamental plant in a flower bed:
Unpretentious buzulnik does not require daily care
Planting a buzulnik should be done in the spring:
- in early March, when several leaves appear on the mother plant, if necessary, dividing the bush;
- at the end of May when moving seedlings into open ground.
Early spring is the best time to adapt seedlings and seedlings to a new place. In case of a forced transplant in the summer, it is necessary to cut off the peduncles and most of the leaves of the plant.
Ligularia plots can be transplanted in summer and autumn, however, in the spring, the survival rate of bushes in a new place is much higher
Site selection and soil preparation
The place for placing the buzulnik should be chosen shaded, away from direct sunlight. This can be the area along the walls of architectural forms, fences, under trees. In open areas of flower beds, ligularia foliage loses its decorative properties, flower stalks are depleted, wither.
The permanent "place of residence" for the plant should not be too windy, because due to the rather high peduncles, with strong gusts of wind, the shoots can break off.
The land for the buzulnik must be carefully dug up to a depth of 30 cm.
Planting holes for moving ligularia plots form shallow (up to 40 cm deep). The distance between individual bushes is at least 1 m.
Plants are undemanding to the composition of the soil. The culture adapts well to loose, nutritious soil that can effectively retain moisture. Experienced florists recommend adding to one square meter of garden soil:
- 1 bucket of humus;
- 2 glasses of wood ash;
- 1 cup superphosphate
This nutrient composition will regulate acidity levels and promote local decontamination.
The best place for ligularia is the coastline of an artificial or natural reservoir
The agrotechnology of planting ligularia in open ground is universal:
- preparation of landing holes measuring 40x40 cm at a distance of up to 1 m from each other;
- planting pits are filled with a prepared soil mixture of humus, charcoal and superphosphate;
- plots are pre-treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, root cuts - with wood ash;
- the seedlings are carefully placed in the holes, sprinkled with soil mixture, tamped;
- the bushes are watered abundantly with water at the root.
When placed in a planting pit, healthy buds of a liguria plot should be above the ground surface
When and how to transplant a buzulnik
Experienced growers agree that it is best to replant the buzulnik in early spring, when the first leaves appear.
The strongest mother plants are chosen for transplantation.
Ligularia bushes can be divided for transplant in two ways:
- without digging the mother plant out of the ground;
- with complete removal of the mother bush from the ground.
Emergency transplantation of ligularia in summer can lead to too strong elongation of the shoots, poor foliage growth, lack of flowering
Ligularia is one of the most unpretentious garden plants. For the culture, it is enough to provide timely abundant watering, regular feeding and protection from direct sunlight.
In the shade and partial shade, the foliage of the buzulnik is capable of reaching large sizes and delighting with bright, saturated colors
Watering and feeding schedule
The buzulnik watering schedule is in direct proportion to the location of the crop:
- in the shade or partial shade, plants need rare watering (once a week);
- near water bodies, watering can be excluded;
- in sunny areas, ligularia needs daily watering in the morning or evening.
In the dry summer period, in addition to watering, the bushes need additional spraying.
Due to the fact that the root system is located in deep soil layers, ligularia needs abundant watering once a week
When transplanting plots or seedlings of buzulnik into open ground, the holes are thoroughly fertilized with organic matter. Therefore, during the first two years of life, young bushes do not need fertilization. Starting from 2-3 years of age, the feeding schedule consists of performing the following activities:
- in the spring, the soil under each buzulnik bush should be fed with humus (about ½ bucket per plant) or with complex preparations containing nitrogen;
- during the period of peduncle formation, plants can be fed with fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus;
- before flowering, and then every 2 weeks until the end of the summer season, a liquid mullein solution is injected under each bush in a ratio of 1:10;
- 2-3 times during the growing season, 1 tbsp is applied for each plant. wood ash.
The main need for ligularia is natural organic matter
Loosening and weeding
Loosening and mulching of the soil around the bushes allows not only to provide oxygen access to the root system, but also to retain moisture in the near-root space.
Weed weeding is a topical issue only in early spring.
After the growth of the bush, the powerful foliage of the ligularia will "clog" the weeds
Preparing for winter
After the end of flowering, shoots with faded flowers are cut off. This allows the plant to grow more abundant foliage before the onset of cold weather.
Most flower growers prefer not to cut the leaves of the ligularia for the winter. When withered, they cover the root system, which allows the bushes to more comfortably “survive” the frosts.
In regions with harsh winter conditions, the space around the bush is mulched with humus. In the event of a probability of frost without snow, the plants are covered with straw, spruce branches, branches.
Experienced gardeners recommend mulching the shrub in late autumn.
Diseases and pests
Ligularia is a plant with strong immunity. Very rarely, a culture can be infected with powdery mildew.
When the first signs of a fungal disease appear, the bushes should be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, Bordeaux mixture or modern fungicides
Slugs and snails are the main "enemies" of the buzulnik. Various methods are used to control pests:
- manual collection of shellfish;
- processing the area around the bushes with dry tobacco, wood ash;
- the use of superphosphate.
The modern drug "Groza" allows you to scare away snails and slugs for a long time
Collection and preparation of seeds
At home, it is possible to grow a buzulnik from seeds. To collect planting material, after flowering, the most attractive peduncles are not cut off, they are left for final ripening.
The inflorescences are tied with gauze so that the seeds do not spill out. Before the onset of frost, the inflorescences are cut and placed in room conditions for drying. After 2 weeks, the seeds are freed from the shell and winnowed. Reviews of gardeners about the buzulnik allow us to conclude that seeds collected at home have a low germination rate.
Planting and caring for a buzulnik at home does not differ in complex algorithms. Since ligularia is an unpretentious and stress-resistant crop, it can be grown everywhere. It is enough to follow the basic rules of planting and care, then the plant will delight with abundant flowering and splendor of decorative foliage.