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Ashwagandha (Indian ginseng): medicinal properties and contraindications


Ashwagandha grass or somnifer (Withania Somnifera) is a plant more commonly known as Indian ginseng, winter cherry, and sunflower physalis. Belongs to the family of Vitania and the Solanaceae family.

Ashwagandha Botanical Description

The plant is represented by a branched shrub with a height of the aerial part within 30-100 cm. Some specimens reach a height of 2.5 m. The root system is thin, with a smooth surface. Indian ginseng has dark green leaves, which have an oval or ovoid shape and alternate on the stem.

Flowering is unattractive. The plant forms a separate, nondescript appearance, greenish-white staining, bell-shaped self-pollinating flowers. After flowering, a box-shaped fruit of bright red color with an orange tint develops. The seed material is small, orange-yellow, round or flat.

Plants of growth of sleeping pills

Perennial evergreen shrub plant growing in tropical climatic conditions is quite high. When grown in the northern regions, the size of the aerial parts is quite modest.

The plant was widely distributed in Iraq and Western India, as well as in North America, the Middle East and the Mediterranean. In China, the plant is grown for decorative purposes. In the wild, it is often found in southern Asia and Africa.

The chemical composition of ashwagandha

The plant has a lot of useful properties, which are explained by the rich chemical composition of correctly prepared plant materials. The main components are:

  • amino acids in the form of glycine, tryptophan and glutamine;
  • saponins;
  • glycosides;
  • steroidal lactones;
  • phytosterols;
  • alkaloids;
  • iron;
  • Vitaferin "A".

The composition also includes herbal antibiotics of natural origin, which can destroy pathological microflora, including streptococci, gonococci and staphylococci.

Features of ashwagandha

The healing and beneficial properties of Indian Ginseng

The root of the plant is widely used to suppress the activity of dopamine receptors in the brain, help eliminate excess plasma corticosterones, and also reduce the amount of components represented by nitrous urea and lactic acid. Plant material tones up, is an excellent adaptogen and anti-stress agent that increases vitality and energy.

About contraindications and side effects of the plant

As the main contraindications to the use of Indian ginseng as a medicine or prophylactic can be considered:

  • history of individual intolerance;
  • history of hypertension;
  • a history of gastritis;
  • history of gastric ulcer.

In official medicine, it is recommended to be very careful about the use of this drug during pregnancy and lactation. It is not recommended to combine the use of sedatives with drugs based on Ashwagandha.

Indications ashwagandha

Indian ginseng and products based on it are currently widely used:

  • to strengthen immunity;
  • to relieve fatigue and exhaustion;
  • to stabilize the energy balance;
  • in the treatment of nervous breakdown;
  • for faster adaptation to climate change;
  • for quick recovery in the postoperative period;
  • to normalize sleep and improve memory;
  • to slow down the aging process and general rejuvenation of the body;
  • for prophylactic oncology.

Before use, you must make sure that there are no contraindications to the use of funds based on this medicinal plant.

Ashwagandha preparations

Pharmacological preparations based on plant materials of the physalis sunflower are mostly represented by dietary supplements:

  • Ashwagandha Root Powder;
  • Ashwagandha 90-Vcaps Capsules
  • Ashwagandha Sensoril Veggie capsules;
  • Ashwagandha liquid extract based on dried root;
  • Ashwagandha powder + GOTUKOLA;
  • Ashwagandha Ayurvedic tablets to strengthen immunity;
  • Ashwagandha Sensoril optimized extract with vitanolides.

All remedies have an anti-stress and adaptogenic effect, therefore they help the body cope with everyday stressful situations, and also contribute to a fairly rapid increase in physical endurance.

Features of growing ashwagandha from seeds

Germination of seed material includes several stages, presented:

  • by soaking the seeds;
  • germination of seeds;
  • sowing prepared seed material into the ground.

To perform soaking, in addition to the seed material, it is necessary to prepare ordinary cotton pads, as well as clean room temperature water and a non-transparent plastic container. Prepared for germination, the seeds are placed on a cotton pad with a distance of half a centimeter from each other. Then the seeds are covered with another cotton pad, lowered to the bottom of the plastic container and watered with warm water. Discs should be constantly moist enough. Periodically, you need to make a visual inspection, and when the bite appears, it is sown in the ground.

Any ready-made floral soil is suitable for germination. It is also necessary to prepare containers for sowing, a small amount of perlite or vermiculite, and clean water at room temperature. The nutrient soil substrate is mixed with perlite or vermiculite in a ratio of one to one. Planting containers are filled with ready-made nutrient soil, after which thorough moistening is performed, and sowing holes are made with a depth of 7-10 mm. Germinated seeds lowered into the recess are carefully sprinkled with soil, after which irrigation is performed.

Plantings must necessarily provide a greenhouse effect for faster germination. For this purpose, a transparent polyethylene film or fiberglass is used. Then you need to provide crops with fresh air. Capacities with crops are installed in a warm and relatively dark place until emergence. With proper organization of germination, all sown seeds germinate within two days. In the future, it is necessary to provide plants with optimal microclimatic conditions for growth and development, systematic irrigation and shallow loosening of the soil.

The use of Indian ginseng in folk medicine

In folk medicine, Indian ginseng is used to get rid of the pathological conditions presented:

  • metabolic disorders;
  • immunocompromised;
  • nervous strain;
  • sexual weakness;
  • exhaustion after illness and surgery;
  • sclerotic changes;
  • paralysis;
  • oxygen starvation;
  • problems with the stomach and intestines;
  • a cold with a cough;
  • infertility
  • circulatory disorders.

Recommended for older people and children. Folk remedies based on plants improve the functioning of brain cells and promote concentration.


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