Aichrison (Aichryson) - refers to the genus of succulent herbaceous annuals and perennials, as well as semi-shrub plants. The birthplace of the plant is Madeira Island, which is located in the Atlantic Ocean.
Signs related to the tree of love
It is generally accepted that the Flower "Love Tree" is able to bloom and bring happiness only where love, understanding and harmony reign. Otherwise, even if properly looked after, such a plant withers very quickly. Also, according to the owners of such a decorative culture, it is able to attract financial well-being, including winning, large bonuses and raising salaries.
Features of growing Aichrison
Botanical description and distribution of Aichrison in nature
The plant has thick and fleshy leaves, which is due to the dry and hot climate in the natural habitat, and belongs to the category of stem succulents that can store moisture inside the fleshy leafy tissues. The widespread natural habitat is the Canary Islands. With its vernal appearance, the perennial strongly resembles a small and quite compact tree with heart-shaped foliage.
Types of Love Tree for Indoor Growing
The genus Aichrison from the family Tolstyankovye includes about fifteen species, many of which are perfectly adapted for cultivation in indoor floriculture.
A. domesticum is the most popular plant among amateur gardeners, represented by a low-growing shrub with a characteristic spherical crown with a diameter of no more than 25-30 cm. Foliage of this type of fleshy type is quite wide, bright green in color, with a glossy surface covered with short and fluffy , numerous villi. Leaf sockets are quite dense, represented by closely pressed leaves to each other. The most demanded is variegated variety Variegatum with the presence of a very elegant border of white staining.
A. punktatum - miniature size, herbaceous shrub plant, with a height of the aerial part no more than 35-40 cm. The stem is characterized by significant pubescence, and the foliage has a small number of hairs. Leaflets are located on elongated petioles and have a pronounced rhomboid shape. The plant forms flowers of yellow staining and star-shaped.
A. laxum - a variety characterized by the formation of insufficiently dense leaf rosettes and relatively long petioles. Foliage has an angular, diamond-shaped or fan-shaped shape. The length of the sheet plate does not exceed 30mm. Leaves are covered with nice and fluffy villi. Foliage staining based on lighting performance can vary from dark green to bronze.
A.sedifolium - a variety popular in indoor floriculture, remarkable for the formation of very thick leaflets, which at a young age often have an almost spherical shape. Coloring of a leaf plate can vary from a light green tint to a yellowish-green color, with clearly visible red stripes, without pubescence. The height of the aboveground part exceeds 35-40 cm in height.
A.tortuosum is one of the smallest and most compact species, which was especially loved by all specialists in the field of landscape decoration and interior design. The height and width of the aerial part of a small shrub does not exceed 15 cm. The formation of a highly branching and rather abundantly leafy crown is characteristic. The foliage is small, thick, collected in very dense sockets, without pubescence. Coloring of a leaf plate can vary from light gray-green to green with a purple hue.
Aichrison care at home
When growing in indoor floriculture, special importance should be given to such factors as soil composition characteristics, the level of natural sunlight, as well as the intensity of irrigation measures, the feeding regime, the correct pruning and timely transplantation.
Lighting, humidity and temperature
Aichrison loves sunlight and good natural light, but exposure to the aerial part of direct sunlight can cause burns of delicate foliage. Tulle curtains are used for shading. The most comfortable decorative perennial feels on the windows of the south-west and south-east direction.
The plant does not have special requirements for the temperature regime in the room, but too high a temperature often causes strong elongation of shoots, and cold can become the main cause of plant decay, therefore, indicators of 20-25 are optimalaboutWith summer and 10-12aboutC at rest. A decorative room culture does not need to provide additional measures to increase the level of humidity, but the plant responds positively to a warm weekly shower in the spring and summer.
How to cut aichrison
Watering and feeding
The regime of irrigation measures should be regulated, focusing on the state of foliage and soil in the flower pot. Excessive irrigation measures often become the main cause of decay of the root system and foliage, and a lack of moisture causes wrinkling of leaves and their decay.
At the stage of active flowering, irrigation activities should be more plentiful and frequent. As dressings, standard flower fertilizers with a low nitrogen content are used. Top dressing is carried out every ten days in spring and summer. In the late autumn period, as well as in winter, the plant does not need additional nutrition.
Soil and flower pot
There are no special requirements for the characteristics of planting soil for growing a home decorative perennial. Such a plant can be cultivated in almost any soil substrate with sufficient nutritional indicators. A mixture based on nutrient soil, leafy soil, as well as high-quality humus and coarse sand mixed in the same proportions is optimally suitable for planting. A good result is the addition of a small amount of coal and brick chips.
The flower pot should be of medium size, corresponding to the volume of the root system of the plant. Drainage holes must be present in the bottom. Before filling a flower pot with a nutritious soil substrate, it is necessary to pour enough drainage into the tank.
Decorative indoor perennial is perfect for trimming, through which it is possible to give the crown almost any desired shape. Most often, with the help of timely pruning, attractive bushes are formed with an original spherical or conical crown, as a result of which the plant acquires the appearance of a very tiny tree.
A good result is obtained by pruning the aerial parts in the early spring, after the plant leaves a state of rest. With the correct formation, in subsequent years, the owner of such a room tree can only maintain the crown in the right condition, systematically removing too much overgrown branches. If during the winter the plant stretched too much, then there is a need to perform the most powerful spring pruning.
The plant should be replanted only when the root system completely fills the volume of flower pots. Transplants are made in the early spring. Important to remember, that the first irrigation measure is carried out only five days after the transplant is completed. The first watering must be metered, which will prevent the decay of indoor decorative culture. It is best to transplant a plant by transshipment, which minimizes damage to the root system and speeds up the adaptation process.
Ways to propagate the tree of love
Popular with domestic amateur gardeners, the "Tree of Love" can propagate vegetatively and seedly. Each of these options has both advantages and certain disadvantages.
How to propagate aichrison cuttings
Propagation by cuttings is carried out around March or April. For propagation in this way, it is necessary to cut shoots about 10 cm long, and then dry at room temperature for 24 hours. The rooting of dried cuttings is carried out in sandy or sandy-peat soil.
Rooting cuttings in clean water with the addition of a small amount of activated carbon also gives a very good result. The rooting process does not exceed two to three weeks, after which the flower seedlings are transplanted into separate planting containers. In the first time after planting in a permanent place, it is necessary to obscure the aboveground part, as well as to carry out dosed irrigation measures with standing water at room temperature.
Propagation of indoor plants by seeds
Small seedlings should be filled with a nutritious soil mixture based on sheet soil and medium-grained pure sand. Seed material does not need presowing preparation. Sowing seeds in seedlings is carried out with a depth of approximately 4-5 mm. Crops should be covered without fail with plastic wrap, which must be opened daily, which will prevent the formation of excess condensate.
The optimum temperature regime required for the emergence of seedlings is 16-20 ° C. Crops must be not only aired daily, but also sprayed with household water at room temperature from the spray gun. Friendly seedlings, subject to comfortable microclimatic conditions and proper care, appear after about a couple of weeks. Seedlings should be transplanted to a permanent place in separate flower pots after four or five leaflets are formed on the plant.
The main difficulties of growing
Amateur growers in the cultivation of the "Tree of Love" may encounter the following difficulties:
- too strong exposure of the shoots indicates a very high temperature in the winter;
- wrinkling of leaf plates is the result of insufficient soil moisture in the flower pot;
- stretching the stem of the room culture, and loss of decorativeness, can be caused by a decrease in illumination;
- yellowing of leaves and decay of the root system are signs of excessive soil moisture.
As a rule, after the irrigation and feeding conditions are adjusted, and the temperature indicators in the room are stabilized, the state of the plant is normalized.
How to form the crown of Aichrison
As a rule, when growing a decorative flowering perennial in indoor floriculture, there are no special problems. The plant adapts quite easily to almost any conditions, but errors in care can provoke a sharp decrease in external attractiveness, and in rare cases, even the death of an indoor flower.