Self-pollinated open field bush cucumbers are a popular garden crop. This vegetable has a long history of development. Even in ancient times, people knew that this garden culture had a medicinal, cleansing effect on the body. This is due to the fact that the vegetable is 70% water. They have beneficial properties, due to which the functioning of the kidneys and heart improves, appetite and metabolism of the body are improved. In food they are used both fresh in fresh salads and canned.
Characteristics of self-pollinated bush cucumbers
Amateur gardeners and professional gardeners are aware of the fact that cucumbers can be pollinated by bees, and can also be pollinated by themselves. Self-pollinated cucumbers in open soil are characterized by an early, rich harvest.
Features to consider when choosing cucumbers that are themselves pollinated:
- Climate features
- Features of temperature indicators
- Features of the type of soil
Distinctive features of the cucumber variety, which are pollinated by themselves, from the varieties pollinated by bees:
- They pollinate themselves, without the obligatory participation of bees
- They are characterized by the presence of a pistil and a stamen (when dew or moisture gets on them, the process of pollination is carried out)
- They are characterized by versatility (they can be grown both in greenhouses and in open soil)
Self-pollinated cucumber varieties belong to a significant asset in breeding. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, these varieties delight with a rich harvest. With proper planting, care, soil cultivation, 20 kg of vegetables are harvested from 1 m².
Varieties of self-pollinated bush cucumbers grown in open soil
Refers to a new species. They are characterized by an excellent harvest. Ripe vegetables of a rich green color, have a small size, pimpled formations. This garden crop has good resistance to adverse weather conditions. Most often used for salting and canning.
An early ripening species, the first ripe vegetables can be harvested from the last days of May. Eaten fresh in salads. They are characterized by high resistance to diseases, temperature extremes.
They belong to the early maturing species. Taste qualities are delicate, fresh. It is characterized by long, large fruits of a pale green color. Proper care, timely watering are procedures that contribute to the cultivation of a good harvest (up to 20 kg per 1 m² of the garden area). They have good disease resistance.
Cucumbers of the Prestige variety
Professional gardeners call this species the "king" of cucumbers. This is due to the fact that more than 20 kg of a fragrant crop can be grown on 1 m². The vegetables are characterized by pleasant taste, and the notes of bitterness are excluded. Can be stored for a long time. Bear fruit for a long time. Observing proper care, hydration, they delight with the harvest until the beginning of autumn.
It is characterized by a gentle green color range, small size, the presence of small pimpled formations, high productivity. They are mainly used for pickling, canning.
Attention! For a good harvest of self-pollinating cucumbers of open soil, it is necessary to properly care for it, water it in a timely manner.
Growing features: planting, care, hydration
The soil on which the cucumbers of this variety are grown should be light and rich in humus. For greater resistance to diseases, experts recommend planting them in the same area with a frequency of 5 years 1 time. They develop well on the site of the previous planting of tomatoes, peas, potatoes, corn. Professional gardeners are advised to make soil dressing for self-pollinated bush cucumbers. This garden crop can be grown using both seeds and seedlings.
Planting cucumbers in seedlings
Thanks to this method, the fruiting process is much faster than when planting seeds. The first harvest of open field cucumbers planted with seedlings is harvested 14 days earlier than those planted with seeds.
Before planting, seeds for seedlings are poured into a special bag and placed in a special nutrient solution (water 1 liter, wood ash, 1 tsp nitrophoska) for 12 hours. After the specified time has elapsed, the seeds are washed with clean water several times, placed on a damp cloth and stored for 48 hours at an air temperature of 20 ° C. Before the day of planting seeds for seedlings, they are placed in the refrigerator for a day.
Seeds for seedlings are sown throughout April in small pots up to 12 cm in height. For the soil, a special mixture is prepared, consisting of 1 hour of fine sawdust from wood, 2 hours of peat, 2 hours of humus. In 10 kg of the mixture, 2 tablespoons are mixed. ash of a tree, 1.5 tbsp. nitrophosphate. The soil solution mixes well, then it is scattered into pots. In each pot with soil mixture, 1 piece of seeds is planted and moistened with a small amount of water. A month later, when 2 leaves appear, the seedlings can be transplanted into open soil.
Planting cucumbers by seeds
Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in water at 25 ° C for 20 hours. Then they are laid out on a damp cloth. Thanks to this procedure, the seeds will germinate quickly.
On the bed, 7 cm holes are prepared, not far from each other evenly. Each hole holds 1 piece of seeds. Further, holes with seeds are carefully sprinkled with soil, tamped, watered with a small amount of water.
The beds with self-pollinated cucumbers of the open-type soil must be systematically weeded out from weeds. While the plants are small, you need to gently loosen the soil. Further, the loosening procedure is carried out once every 7 days. Timely systematic harvesting also belongs to care.
This garden crop needs systematic moistening. Before flowering, the plant is recommended to be watered every day. During fruiting, moistening is carried out every 4 days. It is recommended to use lukewarm water for watering.
Attention! Moisturizing is recommended in the morning or evening. Watering the plant during the day can cause burns on the leaves.
Features of feeding
Self-pollinated cucumbers for open ground are fertilized up to 5 times per season:
- Stage 1. A solution is prepared in proportions of 10 liters of water, 1 liter of mullein (1: 8 = manure: water). The solution should be infused for 14 days. Then 10 g of potassium sulfate, 30 g of superphosphate, 10 g of urea are added to it.
- Stage 2. The second feeding is carried out in a week. In the store, everything for the garden of the garden must be purchased fertilizer for self-pollinated cucumbers grown in open soil, diluted with water according to the instructions on the package. For 1 m², 3 liters of top dressing is used.
- Stage 3. The third make-up is carried out 10 days after the previous one. Solution used: 2 tbsp. top dressing Effekton-O per 10 liters of water. For 1 m², 4 liters of the mixture is spent, it is poured under the root of each plant.
- Stage 4. The fourth feeding is carried out on the 9th day after the third. Fertilizer proportions: water 10 l, 2 tbsp. Agricole Vegeta, 1 tbsp Use 5 liters of mixture per 1 m².
- Stage 5. The fifth is carried out on the 10th day after the fourth. For this you need: 2 tbsp. special complex feed for cucumbers of this variety, 10 liters of water. For 1 m², 3 liters of replenishing agent are used.
Thus, a self-pollinated variety of cucumbers, which is grown in open soil, is characterized by the presence of a pistil, a stamen, on which dew falls, thanks to this process, pollination is carried out. The main varieties include: Patti, Korolek, Prestige, Stella, April. Each variety is characterized by its own characteristics. Sown as seedlings and seeds. Correct planting, care, fertilizing this garden crop with fertilizers contribute to a good harvest.
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