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Round or “nut grass” (Syrerus rotundus) is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the genus Syt (Syrerus) and the sedge family (Syreraceae). The feed refers to the eighteen species of the most malicious weed plants in world agriculture.
Where it grows and how it looks to be round
The stem part has tuberoid thickenings, which are located underground. A single stem type, trihedral in shape, leafy at the base, with a very characteristic smooth surface. The average height of the aerial parts can vary between 10-40 cm. Foliage of a linear type. A significant part of the leaves is shorter than the stem and has a width of not more than 2-4 mm.
The flowers are collected in relatively loose umbrella-shaped inflorescences, which have irregular rays in length. Three or four leaflets are located at the base, which can protrude beyond the boundaries of a towering inflorescence. Spikelets have an oblong-linear shape, narrow and sharp, rusty-red color. Covering flakes of ovoid shape, blunt type, with a shortened sharp tip. After flowering, fruits are formed, represented by the usual trihedral nut of dark gray staining, not more than one and a half millimeters in length.
Distribution area due to heat and lightas well as high heat resistance species. Round or nut grass was widely spread in Europe, the Mediterranean, and also in parts of America. Also, a significant amount of the species grows in Africa, Australia and Asian countries.
Valuable medicinal herbs
Chemical composition and medicinal properties
According to phytochemical studies, The round sieve contains the main chemical components represented by:
- essential oils;
- fatty acids;
- sexually impaired;
- ascorbic acid.
The tubers have a fairly pronounced camphor odor, thanks to α- and β-cyperone, β-pinene, camphene, limonene, isociperol, epoxyquiana, rotundone, isocobusone and other components. Fatty oil contains glycerin, acids and wax. Also in the roots there is a component that gives a “pepper” note to the aroma and taste of plant materials.
Places of collection and features of the procurement of raw materials
As a rule, the plant prefers loose, not saline, fertile soils with a sufficient amount of sandy components. It occurs in the coastal zone of natural reservoirs and areas of irrigated agriculture. Raw can litter garden areas, as well as the fields on which rice and cotton are cultivated.
As plant materials, rhizome or nodules are used that can be dug up throughout the year. The collected underground part is thoroughly cleaned of dirt and soil residues, after which it is washed several times under running water and dried.
To ensure that the drying is done correctly, the plant material is laid out in a single layer on a fabric surface or on thick paper sheets. Round nodules must be dried in a shade or in warm, well-ventilated areas. After complete drying, the plant material is packaged in cloth or paper bags and stored in a dark, fairly cool room. The maximum shelf life of harvested raw materials does not exceed two years.
When and how to collect herbs
Traditional medicine recipes with the use of nut grass
Medicines based on round saturation help to reduce uterine muscle contraction, have analgesic effects, and have an exciting effect in the genital area. Drugs can be used to increase urinary outflow and sweating, have a pronounced insecticidal and anthelmintic effect. Essential oils have an antibacterial effect and easily cope with infections caused by coccal pathogenic microflora.
For the preparation of healing broth is necessary pour a tablespoon of plant material with a quarter liter of boiling water and boil for a quarter of an hour over low heat, after which the broth is infused for a couple of hours at room temperature. Take this decoction should be a quarter cup four times a day as a diaphoretic and diuretic, as well as in the treatment of disorders of the digestive system and dysentery.
For the preparation of therapeutic infusioneffective in the treatment of menstrual irregularities, it is necessary to fill three teaspoons of plant material in a thermos and fill with a quarter liter of boiling water, then withstand the healing fluid for an hour, carefully filter and take inside a third of a glass three or four times a day. It should be remembered that such an infusion is not subject to storage.
Healing oil based on "nut grass" is very effective in healing scar pathologies and stretch marks. In order to properly prepare such a composition yourself, you need to mix equal parts of crushed powder and olive oil. The resulting product is infused for three days, after which it is filtered and applied to damaged areas of the skin.
In the treatment of gastric and intestinal pathologies, traditional healers widely use freshly picked plant materials. One tablespoon of freshly picked nodules of “walnut grass” should be poured with one glass of boiling water, then insisted for an hour in a warm place. The finished infusion is filtered and squeezed. The drug is taken three tablespoons three times a day, a quarter of an hour before a meal.
The use of saty in other areas
"Walnut Herbs" from Dagestan - seasonings, which are very often used in the preparation of famous dishes of Caucasian cuisine. This original spice is used as a food additive and gives the finished dishes a rich nutty finish.
The healing properties of herbal tea
It should be noted that, despite a large number of useful properties, "nut grass" is contraindicated for use by pregnant and lactating women, as well as young children, people suffering from renal pathologies, liver diseases and in the presence of individual intolerance to certain components of plant materials.