Plutey noble (Pluteus petasatus), Shirokoshlyapovyi Plutey is a lamellar mushroom from the Pluteev family and genus. First described and classified as Agaricus petasatus in 1838 by the Swedish mycologist Fries. Its name and affiliation changed several more times, until the modern classification was established:
- in 1874 as Pluteus cervinus or Pluteus cervinuspatricius;
- identified as Agaricus patricius Schulzer in the same year;
- in 1904 he was given the name Pluteus patricius;
- in 1968 it was named Pluteus straminiphilus Wichansky.
What a noble rogue looks like
The noble rogue stands out for its growth and stateliness. It looks impressive and very appetizing, has even, proportional shapes and a delicate, eye-pleasing color. The fruiting body consists of a pronounced cap and stem.
Description of the hat
Young Plyutei noble has a spherical, rounded, egg-shaped cap. As it grows up, it straightens from an even hemisphere to an umbrella-shaped shape. The overgrown mushroom has a spread, almost flat cap with edges slightly bent upwards; the fringe from the plates is clearly visible. A small depression or tubercle stands out in the center. It grows from 2.5 to 18 cm.
The surface is even, smooth, slightly shiny. Dry or slightly slimy. Colors range from dazzling white or grayish-silver to baked milk, brownish-brown or yellowish. The color is uneven, spots and stripes. Dark scales in the center of the cap are clearly visible.
Attention! Plutey noble is an important link in the ecological chain; it is a pronounced saprotroph that turns dead plant remains into fertile humus.
The plates are frequent, even, not adherent. Broad, creamy pinkish in young mushrooms, light pink and reddish-buffy in adult specimens, with red spots. The blanket is missing.
The fleshy pulp is pure white, easy to squeeze, the consistency is similar to cotton wool. The smell is distinctly mushroom, the taste is slightly sweet, in mature specimens it is sour.
The leg is straight, cylindrical, slightly widening at the junction with the cap. A pubescent brownish tubercle is present at the base. The pulp is firm. The surface is dry, white and silvery grayish, with distinct longitudinal fibers. It grows from 4 to 12 cm in height, with a diameter of 0.4 to 2.5 cm.
Where and how it grows
The noble rogue grows everywhere, but it is extremely rare. It is found in the European part of Russia, in the Krasnodar Territory, in Tatarstan, in Siberia and in the Urals. It grows in the territories of the United States and Canada, Japan and the British Isles. Loves deciduous and mixed forests, plain and mountainous, old parks. It settles on the remains of broad-leaved trees: beech, oak, poplar, birch, aspen, in humid places hidden in the shade. It can often be found on stumps and rotting trunks, in dead wood. Occasionally it grows directly on the soil or on damaged bark, in the hollows of living trees.
Fruiting of mycelium occurs twice a season: in June-July and September-October. In high-mountainous regions, it manages to grow fruit bodies once, in July-August. Grows singly or in small, closely planted groups of 2-10 specimens.
Is the mushroom edible or not
There is no scientific information about the edibility of the fruit body; this issue has been little studied by specialists. The noble clown is classified as an inedible mushroom. Its pulp has a very original sweetish taste; in mature specimens it is distinctly sour.
Some modern sources claim that the noble plute is edible, moreover, it is a gourmet dish because of its specific taste.
Attention! It can be easily confused with similar species of small mushrooms that may contain psilocybin. Doubtful specimens should not be collected and eaten.
Doubles and their differences
Plutey noble is very similar to representatives of its own family and some inedible species of mushrooms, it is extremely difficult to distinguish them even for a specialist.
Plyutey is white-northern. Inedible. It differs only in smaller size and more pronounced color of scales on the cap and leg.
The whip is white. Little known edible mushroom. We distinguish only by the shape of the spores, when examined under a microscope. Its pulp has neither taste nor smell.
Deer ropes (brown, dark-fibrous). Conditionally edible mushroom of the IV category. It differs in smaller sizes and a bright color of the cap, as well as dark hairs on the stem. The pulp has an unpleasant rare odor that persists even after prolonged heat treatment.
Entoloma. Many species are toxic and poisonous. The pale-colored mushrooms of this vast family may well be confused with the noble spit. They differ only in the plates that are characteristic of the stalk.
Collibia is broadly lamellar. Inedible. It can be distinguished by the yellowish color of the more rare incremental plates. At the base of the leg tapering to the root there is a clearly visible constriction, often with a skirt.
Volvariella. There are toxic and edible species. You can distinguish them by the well-visible remnants of the bedspread at the base of the leg.
Amanita muscaria white smelly. Has an extremely unpleasant smell of pulp, the remains of the bedspread on the leg and pure white plates.
Plutey noble is quite rare, but its habitat is extremely wide, the mushroom is a cosmopolitan. It settles on semi-matured wood, bark and litter of deciduous trees. It grows to a large size. Since some members of the Plutey genus contain toxic and hallucinogenic substances, they should be treated with great caution.