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A bench from a bar in aesthetics and strength outperforms analogues, where boards serve as the material of manufacture. The design is distinguished by its impressive weight, therefore it is often installed permanently in the yard, in the gazebo, near the sidewalk path of the garden.
Pros and cons of bar benches
Massive benches are in demand among summer residents, owners of cottages, country houses. They are installed in squares, parks, and other recreational areas.
The popularity of timber construction is due to many advantages:
- The timber is stronger than the board. The bench will last longer. It is difficult to break it or take it away by intruders.
- The timber can withstand heavy loads. The bench can be made long for a large number of seats, and it will not bend.
- Smooth edges of the timber add an attractive design. The bench will fit even in the courtyard, where the design of the architectural ensemble is decorated in a modern style.
- The timber is an environmentally friendly material with a low thermal conductivity. The bench in cold and hot weather maintains the comfort of sitting on it. The wood does not heat up from the sun, it stays warm in cold weather.
The downside of benches is a lot of weight. The timber structure is not easy to carry from place to place. To preserve its aesthetic appearance, the shop must be carefully looked after. To prevent the wood from turning black, it is treated with an antiseptic twice a year, opened with varnish or drying oil. From frequent dampness, the bench will begin to rot. For the winter, you will have to hide it in a barn or organize a reliable film shelter.
Types of benches from a bar
A feature of the massive bench is good stability due to its high weight. Despite this fact, the designs differ in the way they are installed:
- Stationary benches cannot be moved to another place or moved to the side. They are dug into the ground with their feet, concreted, fixed to the floor of the gazebo or other base.
- The portable benches are not fixed to anything by their legs. Even if the structure is heavy, it can still be moved or moved to the side if necessary.
There are many differences in shape. Benches are made classic and according to an individual scheme. The timber is combined with other materials. Despite the large variety, all shops are conventionally divided into three groups by design:
- A simple bench is made without a back. It is designed for short sitting. Placed in places where people need a short rest.
- A simple bench with a backrest allows a person to take a comfortable position and enjoy a long time.
Advice! Often summer residents make a simple bench with their own hands from a 50x50 mm bar and a 25 mm thick board.
- Advanced benches are not just for relaxation. Constructions serve as an element of decoration of the site. The bench is equipped with a beautiful carved back and armrests. Curly notches are cut out on the legs from the bar.
All types of garden furniture made of timber are attractive, reliable and durable. However, if you want to make a shop, you need to decide for what purpose it is needed. This will make it easier to choose the most suitable model.
What is needed to assemble a garden bench from a bar
The main building material for the bench is timber. The section of the blanks is chosen taking into account the load for which the structure is designed. If there are many seats for adults, the best option is to build a bench from a bar of 150x150 mm or 100x100 mm with your own hands. For a children's shop, a bar of a smaller section is used.
For benches, it is optimal to use hardwood beams, for example, oak. Coniferous representatives are poorly suited due to the release of resin from the wood. It is better to use a beam of pine, spruce, and larch to make the frame of the bench, and lay hardwood lumber on the back and seat.
Additionally, you will need self-tapping screws, bolts, nails, an antiseptic, varnish, stain or drying oil from the materials.
Important! If the bench will be stationary, the section of the legs buried in the ground must be protected with waterproofing. From the materials, you still need to prepare bituminous mastic and roofing material.
Assembling a bench from a profiled bar does not require the use of expensive tools. A standard carpenter's set will do: saw, plane, chisel, hammer, drill, screwdriver.
Drawings of a bench made of bars
Sizes of a bench from a bar
For benches, there are standards where standard sizes are provided. However, more often the shops are made at their own discretion. The dimensions are calculated so that it is comfortable to sit on the bench. It is convenient when the seat rises 45-50 cm above the ground. From here, the length of the legs is determined. If the bench is installed permanently, the length of the supports is increased to deepen into the ground.
Seat width - about 45 cm, and it can be installed at a slight incline - up to 20 about to improve the comfort of relaxation. The back is made with a height of 50-60 cm. Here, in the same way, you can withstand a slope or a right angle at your discretion. The number of seats depends on the length of the seat. Usually the shop is counted on for 2 or 4 people, adhering to the parameter 1.5-2 m.
How to make a bench from a bar
Bench assembly options have nuances that depend on the design of the product. They start work when the material and the project are prepared.
The video shows useful information about the benches:
Simple bench from a bar
The simplest design does not have a back, it is intended for short-term rest. For stability, the legs are buried in the ground. Summer residents usually assemble simple garden benches from scraps of 50x100 mm timber left after construction. To make a portable bench, the structure is equipped with four legs for stability. A jumper is installed between the paired supports.
Opposite racks are connected to each other with a long bar. The element will play the role of a spacer that prevents the bench from loosening. The seat is laid on the legs and bolted. There are two options here. You can find a piece of a wide board for the seat or put together several blanks from a bar.
Bench from a bar with a back
It is believed that it is difficult to build a bench with a back. Nothing of the kind if you use the simplest project. The bench is made on crossed legs. Each side support requires a short and long bar. They are connected to each other with the letter "X" at an angle of 30 about... The leg of a long bar is a continuation of the base on which the back is fixed. Opposite supports are interconnected with a jumper made of timber.
The bottom of the legs is cut at an angle so that they fit snugly against the asphalt or ground. At the height of the seat attachment, the crossed racks are connected with a bar. Boards are fixed to it with bolts. The trim is similarly attached to the bases of the backrest. The finished bench is sanded and varnished.
Benches from the remains of a bar
If short pieces of timber remain in the yard after construction, this material is similarly suitable for a bench. Stable legs are made from pieces of different lengths. Bars on the principle of a pyramid are folded horizontally in a stack. To fasten the support, a bar is applied from the side, screwed to each element of the pyramid with self-tapping screws.
A rectangular seat frame is laid on the supports. On one long side, at an angle, two posts of the base of the back are bolted. The finished structure is sheathed with a board.
Bench from cinder blocks and timber
An original bench without a back can be made in 5 minutes. The design will be collapsible. It can be used for seating or instead of a bed by placing a mattress.
The cinder blocks act as a support for the miracle of the bench. Moreover, corpulent material will not work. We need a cinder block with through holes. The number of blocks depends on how wide the shop is supposed to be. If the seat is enough from three bars, then 6 cinder blocks are needed for two supports. For four bars, 8 blocks are needed.
The bar is selected along the section so that it goes inside the through holes of the cinder blocks. If the lumber is of a larger section, the ends are cut off with a plane or chisel.
To make the bench beautiful, the blocks are painted with facade water-based paint with the addition of a different color scheme. You can use spray paint.
Multi-colored blocks are placed vertically against each other. The ends of the timber are brought inside the windows. The shop is ready. To prevent the racks from collapsing, the blocks of each support can be pulled together with a belt.
Bench from a bar and boards
In this project, the timber is used only for the legs and the base of the backrest. The example in the photo of a bench from a bar is shown with dimensions, but you can change them at your discretion. Paired racks of the bench are fixed on a horizontal bar sole. The lower ends of the bars forming the base of the back are also fixed here. The upper ends of the legs are also connected by a bar. At the same time, this element at the level of the seat supports the bars of the base of the backrest, imparting rigidity to the structure.
On the back side of the bench, opposite posts are connected crosswise by two planks, forming stiffening struts. For the back and seat, a 25 mm thick board is used.
Advice! So that the boards of the back do not bend under load, they are connected in the center with a transverse bar.
Garden bench from a bar with a table
Garden furniture is in demand in the country for family and group recreation. The base of the table and two benches is made of 100 x 100 mm beams, and the seats and table top are assembled from a board.
A set of furniture can be made one-piece and from separate items. In the first version, benches with a table are fixed to a common base made of thick timber. This design is not always convenient. First, it is heavy, uncomfortable and difficult to carry. Secondly, the benches and the table cannot be used separately if the situation requires it.
It is optimal for the kit to consist of separate items. For two benches, 4 identical supports with a height of 45-50 cm are assembled from a bar. Similar two supports are made for a table, only their height is 70-80 cm. Boards on the seats of the benches can be laid with a gap. Solid flooring is required for the countertop. A good smooth table surface is obtained if laminated fiberboard is laid on the boards.
Bench for giving from a bar around a tree
A design feature is the arrangement of the seats in a circle. A bench around a tree is made in the shape of a triangle, square, hexagon. The more corners, the more legs you will need, because at every turn you need a support to lay the seat planks.
The bench is made stationary, with the legs buried in the ground. First, the required number of supports are collected, installed in a permanent place. Long seat boards are attached first, gradually moving to short blanks. The back of such a bench is installed at will, but more often such designs are made without it.
Corner wooden bench from a bar
In the gazebo, on the terrace, and sometimes on the street, a corner bench is in demand. For aesthetics and comfort of use, the design is improved by adding a table. It is placed on the corner where two benches meet.
Building a corner bench is easy. First, a frame in the shape of the letter "L" is created from a bar. Inside, the frame is divided by jumpers into squares. The elements will add strength to the structure. The next step is to attach the legs to the frame from pieces of timber. The corner square must be increased in height in order to raise the tabletop. This is done by laying the bars horizontally, but it is better to put racks from scraps 15-20 cm long and fasten them on top with wooden elements. The resulting frame with a niche allows you to insert a table drawer.
The table top is cut from plywood. The seats of the benches are sheathed with a board. If the furniture will stand under a canopy, laminated chipboard is used for the table top and seat.
Wooden bench swing from a bar
Sometimes on the bench you want not only to sit, but also to swing. Swings assembled from a bar help to achieve this goal. For the supports, you will need four blanks longer than 2 m. Each pair of bars is connected at one point and pushed apart to form the letter "L". A distance of 160 cm is made between the separated ends of the paired racks. In this position, they are fixed with a jumper. The element is installed at a height of about 1 m from the ground. The resulting A-shaped supports are connected with a crossbar.
The bench is made with a back and armrests, but without legs. They don't need a swing. Eye bolts are installed in four places. Two fasteners are placed at the corners of the backrest and two at the corners of the seat. Chains are connected to the eyebolt lugs.
To hang the finished bench, a fastening assembly is similarly installed on the crossbar. The same eyebolts will work, but bearing pivots will work better.
The swing, like the bench, can be installed permanently by burying the legs in the ground, or placed on the surface of the ground. The method is chosen at personal discretion.
Decoration of a wooden bench from a bar
When decorating, the benches include all their imagination. For children, a seat with a back is made out in the form of colored pencils, painted with patterns, drawings. Moreover, the legs of such a structure can be made of metal, and the sheathing is made with a board or a bar.
Garden furniture painted with wood stain, drying oil, varnish looks beautiful. These compounds help to preserve the natural texture of the wood and protect it from negative natural phenomena.
The technology of wood aging is popular. The surface of the bar is burned with a blowtorch with a gas torch, scratched with a brush on metal or lightly traversed with a chainsaw chain.
It turns out beautiful furniture with carved elements. The patterns are cut out with a jigsaw on a board, which is then attached to the back of the bench.
A bench made of timber can last up to 20 years. Twice a year, in spring and autumn, it is treated with an antiseptic and stained. Protection measures help to maintain an attractive appearance of the structure and extend the service life.