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Gifoloma mossy (Mossy mossy foam): photo and description


Pseudo-froth moss, moss hypholoma, Latin name of the species Hypholoma polytrichi. Mushrooms belong to the genus Gifoloma, the Stropharia family.

The mycelium is located only among the moss, hence the name of the species

What does a mossy foam look like?

Fruiting bodies are small in size with a small cap, the diameter of which does not exceed 3.5-4 cm. The size is disproportionate to the length of the leg, which can reach up to 12 cm.

Mushrooms grow in small groups or singly

Description of the hat

The upper part of the mossy pseudo-foam at the beginning of growth is rounded, dome-shaped, eventually becomes prostrate hemispherical, in mature fruiting bodies - flat.

External description:

  • the color of the protective film is not monotonous, the central part is dark with well-defined borders;
  • surface with fine wrinkles and thin vertical stripes, slimy, especially at high humidity;
  • the edges are uneven, slightly wavy with scaly remnants of the bedspread;
  • the lower spore-bearing layer is lamellar, the plates are wide, arranged non-compactly with uneven edges;
  • hymenophore with a clear border below, does not extend beyond the cap;
  • the color is light brown or dark beige with a gray tint.

The pulp is creamy, thin, the structure is brittle.

On the edge are short and medium length plates

Leg description

The central leg is narrow and long, even, sometimes slightly curved towards the apex. The thickness is the same everywhere - an average of 4-4.5 mm. The structure is fine-fiber, the inner part is hollow. Painted in one color. On the surface near the ground, young mushrooms have a fine-flaked coating, which completely crumbles by maturity.

On cut, the leg splits into several parts along the length of the fibers

Where and how does mossy mossy foam grow?

The distribution area is quite extensive, the species is not tied to a specific climatic zone. Grows in wetlands of all types of forests. The mycelium is located on a dense moss litter, prefers an acidic soil composition.

Important! Fruiting of moss hyphaloma is long - from June to October.

Is the mushroom edible or not

The composition of the fruit bodies of the false foam contains toxic compounds. The species is not only inedible, but also poisonous. Consumption causes poisoning.

Doubles and their differences

The long-legged false foams are referred to as twins; the species are similar in appearance, in terms of fruiting time, to the places of the main accumulation. A twin of a lighter shade. The leg is not of a single color: the lower part is brown with reddish. A similar mushroom is poisonous and inedible.

The surface of the leg is covered with light large flakes

Conclusion

Pseudo-mossy foam grows in the central, European part of the Russian Federation, in Siberia and the Urals in all types of forests where wetlands are found. The mycelium is located on a thick, dense layer of moss and acidic soil. The chemical composition contains toxins, false foam is poisonous and inedible.


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