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A pine capable of living 300 - 500 years and reaching 35 - 40 meter height (Mongolian pine grows up to 50 m) is one of the most valuable species of majestic conifers. The circumference of the trunk can reach 1 m, and the thickness of the crust at the base is wider than at the top. Due to this feature, the plant is protected from grassroots fires.
Botanical description and habitat of Scots pine
The evergreen giant of the pine family, in addition to significant morphological variability, is characterized by the formation of a large number of forms. It has long paired green-gray or green coniferous needles and a rounded or conical crown that cleans the air of harmful impurities and saturates it with aromatic ethers.
Young spreading shoots have a green color, but by the end of the summer they change it to brown-gray. Terracotta egg-shaped kidneys are covered with a resinous layer. In cones of an elongated ovoid form, winged seeds ripen in the 2nd - 3rd year of the tree's life.
The habitat of the plants of the pine family is located throughout the continent of Eurasia. Depending on the growing conditions, the shape of the crown of the tree varies: the thicker the forest, the higher and narrower.
In a brief description of the tree important to consider, which depending on the place of growth, its crown shape differs: conical and highly elevated is characterized for densely planted forests and almost umbrella-like for spacious areas. Thanks to a highly branched powerful root system, penetrating deep into the ground, the tree fixes the soil, delaying its movement.
Composition and medicinal properties of pine
From ancient times, the beneficial effects of plants on the human body were known. It was used for poultices and compresses, as well as for embalming. All parts of the tree contain useful elements used in pharmacology and home therapy today.
- Kidney famous for the presence of ascorbic acid, essential oils (terpinoids), mineral salts, carotene, trace elements and tannins.
- Wood. From it, resin is rich in resin acids and essential oil.
- Needles. It is determined by the content of vitamins, tannins, starch, flavonoids, essential oils, resins.
- Seeds Edible fatty oil.
Tar is produced using special wood processing, and turpentine is distilled with turpentine (turpentine oil).
The chemical composition of the medicinal parts of the tree allows their use in the manufacture of medicinal products. In folk practice, pine is included in the composition of breast collections, teas, baths, and is also actively used in the treatment of peptic ulcer, cholecystitis, gastritis, stomatitis, periodontal disease, arthritis. Turpentine baths have a firming effect on the body during the deposition of salts and joint diseases.
Common properties of the treatment of Scots pine
Collection, drying and procurement of raw materials
The kidney collection period begins in March. You can use scissors or collect with your hands. In order not to get dirty with resin, it is recommended to wear gloves. The kidneys should be swollen, but not yet moved to growth. If you collect them too soon, this will negatively affect the content of useful elements in them. Only young specimens are suitable for collecting kidneys, because on old trees they are very small.
The collected material is dried in the attic or under a canopy, where there is suitable ventilation. At a very high temperature, the resin will melt, which will lead to a deterioration in the quality of the medicinal product. After 2 weeks, the raw materials are ready for long-term storage. Needles, buds and shoots are well preserved in paper bags and cardboard containers, and pollen in wooden boxes. Subject to storage rules, the shelf life is 2 years.
The most favorable for the collection of needles are late autumn and winter, since it is during this period that it contains a maximum of useful substances (essential oil and ascorbic acid). Harvested greens retains useful properties only 3 months.
The preparation of liquid resin (gum) occurs during the growing season. Then, rosin and turpentine are obtained from the purified product.
The use of Scots pine in folk medicine
In the treatment of many ailments, decoctions, infusions, pine oil are used. Paws (branches) in winter contain a small amount of vitamin C. The bitter taste of infusions is explained by the presence of tarry elements. With the help of dialysis, bitterness is easily eliminated.
Medicines from pine kidneys have a choleretic and diuretic effect on the body. In order to calm the nervous system, apply baths with the addition of extract and infusion of raw materials. Due to the bactericidal effect on the microflora, this tool has found application in the treatment of the throat and nose with inhalation. Means based on medicinal raw materials are prepared as follows:
- To prepare an alcohol tincture for tuberculosis and diseases of internal organs, you need to add kidneys, pollen or pollen inflorescences with pollen, add honey, eggs and butter.
- To get rid of infections in the urinary tract, half an hour before eating, you should drink a glass of water with the addition of 15 drops of tincture from pine kidneys.
- As a diaphoretic and expectorant should 10 grams of kidneys pour 1 cup boiling water.
- To prepare a decoction in an enameled container, pour a glass of boiling water and place 1 tbsp. a spoonful of crushed raw materials. Put in a water bath. After 30 minutes, remove, cool the solution, filter and add boiled water to the original volume.
- To prepare inhalation, you need to pour 3 tablespoons of the kidneys in 500 ml of water, heat and breathe with a healing broth. To increase the effect, it is recommended to use sage, eucalyptus or thyme.
- Due to its rich aromatic taste, eating raw kidneys 10 minutes before a meal helps to reduce hunger and regulate appetite.
- In the fight against headaches, syrup will help. In the morning you should drink 2 tbsp. tablespoons of this tool. Then stir in 2 l of water 10 tablespoons of syrup and drink during the day. And so 10 days.
- Against skin diseases, it is necessary to use an ointment prepared as follows: beat egg white and add 12 drops of pine tincture. Before applying the product, the skin should be washed.
Cones (fruits) and pine seeds
Experts recommend the use of pine cones through an alcohol solution. If alcohol-containing agents are contraindicated, a decoction can be prepared to transfer useful components.
- Recipe for alcohol. Rinse thoroughly 5 cones, cut and pour with alcohol or vodka (1 cup). After 2 weeks, strain the composition. It is advisable to collect raw materials for this medicine from June to September.
- Decoction. Cut into pieces 5 cones and pour 500 ml of water. Then bring to a boil. After 5 minutes, remove from heat and strain.
Essential oil is obtained from the seeds, which positively affects the process of urination and the respiratory system. A decoction of seeds is used in the treatment of bronchitis and tuberculosis, and is also used externally.
The infusion or decoction prepared from coniferous needles is widely used for the prevention of vitamin deficiency and as a therapeutic bath. To get rid of dermatological problems, treatment of burns and wounds, chlorophyll paste helps.
To prepare an infusion for baths, you need to take 250 ml of dried raw materials wrapped in a cloth bag, and lower them into a bathtub filled with hot water. Or steam up the needles and after 20 minutes pour the infusion into the bath.
Resin and pine bark
To get rid of cough, heartburn, stomach ulcers, throat diseases and treatment of open wounds, a tincture of resin is used. To prepare the product, the collected resin should be poured with alcohol and left in a place protected from sunlight. If necessary, water should be added. The finished medicine should not be too thick.
Due to the diversity of the biochemical composition of the cortex, it is widely used as a biologically active additive and to strengthen the body's defenses. Daily use of powder from the bark normalizes blood pressure, strengthens tooth enamel, prevents bleeding of the gums and the development of osteoporosis.
For pathologies of the respiratory system, young tree tops are used, from which a decoction is prepared in milk. Bring to a boil milk (500 ml) you need to add 15 gr. shoots and boil for 10 minutes. Then insist a couple of hours.
How to collect pine pollen
Pine needles and cones in a healthy diet
A vitamin drink is prepared from pine needles, for which 30 gr. clean fresh needles need to be boiled for a third of an hour in 250 ml of water. Then cool the drink, strain and add sugar or honey to taste.
Unopened male inflorescences are also consumed. Residents of the northern regions use a tissue located on the branches under the bark, which has a sweet taste. It can be eaten both raw and added to flour.
The use of Scots pine for the treatment of children
Pine-based products in treating children usually consist of breast collection. If you need to use a decoction, then to improve the taste it is recommended to add honey or hot milk. Steam inhalation is best used as directed by your doctor.
With the help of pine pollen, the immunity of a child can be strengthened. To do this, take 1⁄4 of a teaspoon.
In order to avoid allergic reactions caused by a high concentration of alcoholic infusions, it is not recommended to rub the baby with them. If necessary, it is better to make a bath with a decoction and infusion of the kidneys.
Contraindications ordinary pine
The use of drugs from needles and other parts of pine is contraindicated in several cases:
- children under 2 years old;
- individual intolerance or allergy;
- During pregnancy and breastfeeding;
- acute renal pathology;
- heart failure;
- oil can irritate the epidermis;
- ulcer and hepatitis.
An overdose of coniferous preparations is fraught with the appearance of ailments, such as headache, inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Means containing turpentine are prohibited for patients suffering from nephritis and neurosis. With low blood pressure and thrombosis, pollen and fruits (lumps) are not recommended.
Scots pine in landscape design
Evergreen conifers, having a beautiful shape of the crown, branches and trunk, are often used in landscape gardening compositions. Being as the main landscape element, pine trees give vitality to the site and create the appearance of unity with nature. There are a large number of artificially bred varieties of Scots pine. In the wild, it interbreeds with other species of pines.
In open areas, tall or medium-sized specimens are used as tapeworms. Low-growing species are recommended to be placed in front of high representatives of the fauna, and dwarf and creeping ones should be placed on slopes, in rock gardens, mixborders, and undersized decorative groups.
If there are slopes on the site, a coniferous tree can be planted against their background. Designers advise using plantations in conjunction with other species. Due to the fact that the lower branches do not die off, dwarf rocks are excellent for the formation of hedges. Scots pine is ideal for landscaping sandy or swampy areas.
How to make a tincture of pine cones
Garden arrangement, including tree transplantation, is recommended to be done in winter. It is important to carry the pine along with a lump of earth, as well as observe the orientation according to the cardinal points. The plant adaptation time depends on the quality of care and growing conditions. At this time, the tree is particularly susceptible to various diseases.
All forms of ordinary pine are undemanding to the soil, like sunlight. In the shade, the color of the needles is much dimmer than in the sun. Since the tree has a high sensitivity to atmospheric pollution, it does not grow in places with high gas contamination.