All seeds have a protective layer on their surface, which allows them to be stored for a long time and not be exposed to rotting and external influences. But this layer prevents them from germinating after planting. In order for the seeds to germinate better and faster, they are processed by the bubbling method.
Benefits of bubbling
All gardeners want to get early and fruitful shoots of vegetables, therefore, what methods have not been invented to improve germination, and everyone applies their own, most suitable process.
This is, for example, preliminary soaking of seeds, which is carried out by keeping them in a humid environment for a long time. From this method, you can get both benefits and harm. Not all seeds germinate. Many of them simply rot from the inside and do not germinate at all.
The best method is considered to be bubbling seeds, although not everyone still uses it. It increases early germination. As a rule, sprouts appear 8 days earlier compared to sowing untreated material. Bubbling promotes the transfer of vitality from seed to germ.
Bubbling is the effect of oxygen on the seed for a certain time, specific for each type of seed.
Seed bubbling technology
In order to carry out bubbling at home, you need to prepare the tools and containers necessary for the process:
- Bank, preferably up to a liter;
- Compressor from the aquarium.
First you need to make a bubbler from the above material. There is nothing complicated about it. You just need to fill the jar with more than half with water and lower the compressor into it. The volume of seeds to the volume of liquid should be approximately 1: 4.
Important! The water temperature should be no more than 20 degrees Celsius.
Due to the fact that it is impossible to get oxygen at home, and its use in its pure form is dangerous, the compressor is the best way out, because the device saturates the water in the aquarium with oxygen.
The bubbling process goes like this:
The seeds of the desired culture, for example, cucumbers, are poured into the prepared water and the compressor is turned on. Thus, they are processed over a period of time. For each crop, a certain processing time is given so that the seeds have time to prepare for planting. You can track the required time in the approximate time table:
Time of processing
No more than 24 hours
Average 10 hours
12 - 24 hours
8 to 12 hours
No more than 24 hours
No more than 15 hours
No more than 20 hours
15 - 20 hours
No more than 20 hours
In order to better understand the bubbling process, you can watch a video that clearly shows all the steps necessary to carry out the procedure.
If the house has a funnel, then you can make a slightly different design of the bubbler. To do this, you need to attach the compressor tip to the neck of the funnel, and completely lower the funnel itself into the jar. Place the seeds in a cloth bag to allow air to pass through and place inside the funnel. With the help of such a simple device, you can increase the quality of bubbling, since air will be supplied directly to the seeds.
The final stage of the process and sowing
Once the seeds are prepared and ready to be sown, they need to be dried so they can separate from each other. If there is no opportunity to introduce the material into the soil immediately after the bubbling process, then you need to lay them out in a thin layer on a newspaper or cloth, and dry them to a loose state in a well-ventilated area. Under no circumstances do this in the sun.
Separately, it should be said about the storage of bubbling carrot seeds. They are put in a plastic bag, without waiting for them to dry, and stored like this until the moment of sowing, not allowing them to freeze or dry out. In this case, the temperature should be standard for the refrigerator from 1 to 4 degrees Celsius. Foreign scientists have found that the seeds after such a procedure further increase their germination.
A paste is made immediately before sowing. It is needed in order to further increase the germination of seeds and protect them from the external environment.
The paste is prepared like this:
- Add 30 grams of starch to 100 ml of cold water and stir well.
- Next, approximately 900 ml of hot boiling water is poured into the jar and starch with cold water is poured in a thin stream.
- Stir everything thoroughly.
- Place the jar in a pot of water and put it on fire.
- Heated to 92 degrees.
- Cool to room temperature, avoiding skin formation.
- After the paste has cooled down, the film formed on the surface is removed from it and the seed material is poured into it, which is gently kneaded to prevent damage to the roots that have appeared.
Attention! The seeds should not be left in the paste for more than 6 hours.
The process of mixing paste with seeds can be seen in the following video:
Sowing is carried out into moistened grooves with a depth of not more than 2.5 cm. The paste with seed material is poured in a thin stream from a cup or syringe. Immediately after the seeds have been spread over the furrow, they should be covered with loose earth. Until the moment when shoots appear, the garden must be constantly moistened. After sowing the seeds of cucumbers and carrots, the bed can be covered with foil on top.
It is not at all difficult to carry out bubbling for seeds at home. You just need to purchase a compressor for the aquarium. The result of germination after such a procedure grows noticeably, which cannot but rejoice inveterate gardeners.