Table grape varieties are valued for their early ripening and pleasant taste. The Frumoasa Albe grape variety of Moldovan selection is very attractive for gardeners. The grapes are quite unpretentious, complex-resistant, the bunches meet the commodity standards, although their friability and fragility are noted. Berries are a great dessert.
Frumoasa Albe means White Beauty. The loud name of the grapes corresponds to the properties of the variety. It is a complex hybrid obtained from the varieties Guzal Kara and Seiv Villar 20-473. Frumoasa grapes have an average ripening period of 130-145 days from the time the buds open. In the southern regions and in the Lower Volga region, the first brushes ripen by the end of August. Sometimes in the descriptions, amateurs note a mid-early harvest that will ripen in 115-125 days. The vine holds the bunches until frost, delighting with a tasty harvest, which retains an excellent level of taste for a long time. In the northern regions, amateurs grow this variety as a covering crop.
Dessert grape variety Frumoasa Albe, according to reviews, is often preferred over other vines. Its berries are resistant to the sun, do not crack in the rain after hot weather. The brushes ripen evenly, without peas. The high taste properties of Frumoasa Albă grapes are indisputable, therefore, its light amber harvest is almost entirely consumed fresh, as the gardeners note in the description of the variety. The older the vine, the more intense the flavor of the berries. Grapes are easily propagated by cuttings, it is easy to make a lacy green summer curtain from it, given its undemandingness and resistance to diseases. In autumn pruning, a few strong cuttings are left for spring planting.
Growers in this variety are attracted by a stable and generous harvest. 16 kg of grapes are guaranteed from one bush. With a good agricultural background, up to 40 or more kilograms are harvested from the old bush. The vine ripens well, gives from 75 to 90% of fruitful shoots. Bunches carry transportation, lying.
Frost resistance of Frumoasa Albe grapes, according to the description of the variety and gardeners' reviews, is quite high: up to 22 degrees. Under the snow cover, the vine remains at -25 degrees. In the middle climatic zone, the bunches ripen for a long time, especially with frequent rains. The vine of this variety is popular among summer residents and in personal plots with resistance to fungal and viral diseases. Grapes are not affected by gray mold and mildew, phylloxera. The variety is immune to powdery mildew, anthracnose, leafworm, spider mite.
Important! Cuttings of the Frumoasa Albэ variety are easily adaptable and take root quickly.
As noted in the description of Frumoas Albe, the vines have medium-sized bushes. Although some reviews say about the vigor of the vine, which spreads up to 2 m. Five-lobed, slightly wavy leaves of medium size, strongly dissected. Leaf veins densely pubescent. The flowers are bisexual, always well pollinated.
Cylindrical winged clusters are large and medium, up to 19 cm long, 10-13 cm wide. By density, they are moderately loose. The weight of the bunches ranges from 300 to 700 g, the average is 500-600 g. The record harvest of this variety is 1 kg bunches.
The yellow-green berries of Frumoas Albe are round, sometimes slightly oval. Medium in size: 24 x 22 and 27-28 mm, weighing 5-8 g. Dots are visible on the skin with a waxy coating. It is of moderate density, easy to eat. The pulp is sweet, juicy, fleshy, with an inherent pleasant nutmeg aroma and harmonious taste. The berry contains 3-6 little perceptible seeds. The sugar content is up to 17%, with an acidity of 7.5 g / l. Tasting grade assessment - 8.2 points.
Advantages and disadvantages
According to reviews, Frumoasa Albe grapes are in the top five easy-to-grow varieties. In addition to this fact, it has many other advantages.
- Consistently high yield;
- Excellent taste, full of nutmeg notes;
- Preservation of the taste of the bunches and the appearance of berries that remain on the vine for a long time;
- Good ripening of bunches along the entire length of the shoot;
- Satisfactory commercial performance;
- Sufficient disease resistance.
Selection flaws are:
- Average frost resistance;
- The need to standardize the load of bunches on the shoot: no more than two;
- Susceptibility to powdery mildew.
In accordance with the description of the variety, Frumoasa Albe grapes should be planted in a sunny area, on the southern side of any buildings, retreating one and a half meters from the wall. It is better to plant cuttings in spring, but autumn plantings are also possible.
- The distance between grape seedlings is not less than 2 m;
- Planting depth - 25-35 cm;
- The seedling is placed in the hole, tilting to the north;
- Sprinkled with earth, watered abundantly, then the root circle is mulched;
- The established stalk is planted 15 cm deeper than the size of the container where it grew.
In city conditions, amateurs plant vines in pots, carrying them out on balconies and loggias in the summer.
- Frumoasa Albe grapes are grown in tubs, each year changing the container to a larger one;
- Attention should be paid to airing the room without creating drafts;
- The vine is fed with organomineral fertilizers;
- Prophylactic treatment of grapes from diseases is permissible with drugs permitted on the premises.
Attention! The Frumoasa Albэ variety should be planted on neutral soils or alkalized by preparing a large planting pit.
Frumoasa grapes, as emphasized in the description of the variety, are easy to care for. Regular watering, vine rationing, preventive treatments and preparation for winter are the recommended cares for this grape variety. Each bush needs to be firmly supported and the trellis should be tightened.
The seedling is given more attention, watering it moderately, but constantly for better survival. The old vine is watered abundantly during the spring-summer drought. Especially grapes need moisture during flowering and ovary formation. All root dressings of grapes are accompanied by watering.
The harvest will be of better quality if you apply the fertilizers necessary for the plant at the root.
- For Frumoasa Albe grapes, it is advised to use water-soluble forms of fertilizers so that they are more easily absorbed by the roots;
- Take 50 g of potash and nitrogen fertilizers for each bush, which fertilize the vines in the bud formation phase;
- Top dressing will also be useful in the pea phase. Introduce complex fertilizers for grapes;
- Doses of organomineral dressings are used according to the instructions.
The vine of the Frumoasa variety produces many inflorescences, but does not tolerate crop overload. The next year, the berries are small and tasteless. First, one inflorescence is removed from the shoot. The term for removing an extra bunch comes when the berries grow the size of a pea. The best brush is chosen, the rest are cut off. Usually the cluster located below is less pollinated. Experienced growers leave only one bunch on one shoot.
Most often, for table grapes of the Frumoas Albe variety, a fan-shaped growth is used on a high trunk with a load of up to 22 shoots. Usually, a fan is first formed into four sleeves on a single-plane trellis. With this arrangement, the bunches receive the most optimal dose of sunlight, which they extremely need for high-quality ripening. In the fall, shoots are cut off to 8 eyes, or briefly, which is preferable, into two or three buds. The total load on a bush of this variety is up to 35 eyes.
Preparing for winter
In the first year of growth, a young vine leaves only one shoot. At the end of October or in November, grape trunks with lower eyes are sprinkled with earth and mulch, covering up to 30 centimeters from below. Such shelters serve as an additional guarantee for the preservation of the bush. Water does not penetrate through the ground to the root during winter thaws, and the grapes do not freeze. Old vines are bent down, laid on the ground, sprinkled with sawdust, leaves, spruce branches. When snow falls, it is scooped up to the trunk. In the spring, packed snow must be removed.
Protection against diseases and pests
In autumn, after leaf fall, grape shoots are sprayed with iron vitriol.
With the arrival of heat, the grapes are raised on supports, tied up and processed to prevent diseases and overwintered pests with Bordeaux liquid. Fungicides are used prophylactically in the bud stage, after the formation of ovaries and a month after the previous treatment.
Sun fruits with a unique vitamin and mineral composition are beneficial for health. Growing a vine and using its rich gifts is within the power of every enthusiastic gardener.
Leonid, 47 years old, Akhtubinsk
The variety has been growing for a long time. Matures by September. Once upon a time, in the early years, the harvest was not rationed, the grapes were worse. I read literature, began to cut off small bunches, the berries became sweeter. I have planted more than one bush.
Ulyana, 25 years old, Volgograd region.
The Frumoasa Albă variety bears fruit for three years. They thickened one bush, left all the clusters on young shoots - two at a time. The berries were unsuccessful. Indeed, you need to cut off the extra bunches from the grapes, the harvest will be better.
Ivan Alekseevich, 59 years old, Rostov region
Without growing Frumoas, I consider my vineyard to be poor. The variety gives excellent berries for dry wine production. The vine is undemanding, and it is imperative to ration the grapes in the spring.