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The bent talker belongs to the Tricholomovy or Ryadkovy family. The name of the species in Latin sounds like Infundibulicybe geotropa. This mushroom is also called the bent clithocybe, red talker.
Where the bent talkers grow
Talkers can be found in forest glades and forest edges. They love fertile soils saturated with rotted foliage. Most often found in well-lit places, sometimes they form rings on the ground. They grow in groups or singly.
The time of mass gathering starts from August to September. But you can find the first mushrooms in early July. Bent clithocybe are not afraid of slight cold weather, and are often found in the forest until the end of October.
What do the bent talkers look like?
In young specimens, the cap is convex, then it acquires a funnel-shaped shape with a tubercle in the middle. The diameter of the cap of the talker mushroom bent in the photo is about 20 cm.
It is colored reddish, fawn or almost white. Frequent white plates can be seen under the hat. In large mushrooms, they acquire a creamy yellowish tint.
The leg is from 5 to 15 cm in height, its diameter is up to 3 cm. It has the shape of a cylinder, slightly widening at the bottom. The internal structure is tough, fibrous, pulp with a pungent odor. The surface color is identical to the cap or slightly paler.
Is it possible to eat bent talkers
Rare mushrooms - bent or red talkers are edible. Various dishes are prepared from them, boiling, baking or frying in a pan, they are also pickled and salted.
Important! Only young bent clithocybe caps are collected for cooking, rigid and fibrous legs are considered inedible.
The taste qualities of the mushroom govorushka bent
Bent clitocybe is a good quality edible mushroom. They have a pleasant, delicate aroma that they convey to dishes. Young mushrooms make excellent soups and mushroom sauces.
It is not recommended to eat raw: they are bitter due to the content of special enzymes. The bitterness usually goes away after 20 minutes of boiling. At the end of the heat treatment, the mushrooms are greatly reduced in size.
Benefits and harm to the body
The use of bent talkers for the body lies in the positive effect on health. The healing properties are expressed in the following:
- strengthening the immune system;
- cleansing the body;
- improving the functioning of the stomach and intestines;
- lowering the level of bad cholesterol in the blood;
- replenishment of the lack of vitamins and microelements (especially a lot of bent B vitamins in the talkers).
This mushroom is used by folk healers to prepare healing ointments for the treatment of wounds, as well as various decoctions and tinctures that are effective for bronchitis and urolithiasis.
Mushrooms can be harmful only if they are not collected correctly. Stiff legs, collected and cooked with the caps, can lead to digestive upset.
A dangerous poisonous mushroom resembles a bent clitocybe - a reddish or whitewashed talker. Adult specimens are not more than 5-6 cm in height, with a thin stem. The hat is up to 6 cm in diameter, its surface is covered with a thin powdery coating, it is slightly slimy after rain.
The color of the cap is from gray-white to brownish-pink. The pulp has a sweetish, pleasant smell and mushroom taste, it contains a dangerous toxin - muscarine, which causes severe poisoning 15-20 minutes after consumption.
It looks like a gossip bent over a photo and description, also an edible mushroom - a giant gossip. It, as the name suggests, can grow to large sizes, the maximum diameter of the cap is 30 cm.
This mushroom is inferior in taste to the bent clithocybe, its pulp does not have a special aroma. But he has the ability to produce the antibiotic clitocybin, which is active against tuberculosis.
The bent talker is included in the Red Book of Russia, so when you see her in the forest, you should not rush to collect. In European countries, where it is more common, it is harvested during the fruiting season.
Like other edible mushrooms, it is better not to cut the red talker above the soil surface, but to twist it out of the mycelium. The place of separation should be lightly sprinkled with earth. This method of collection will allow you to preserve the mycelium, it will not rot, and will be able to bear fruit for many more years.
Advice! Inedible legs can be cut off with a sharp knife after picking them right in the forest to avoid carrying excess weight home.
Young clitocybe is more suitable for food, older specimens may have a pungent, unpleasant odor.
Cooking bent talkers
After harvesting, the mushrooms are washed under running water. Only hats are used for food. After washing, they are poured with cold salted water, put on fire and boiled for about 20 minutes from the moment of boiling. Then the water is drained, and the talkers are thrown into a colander so that the excess liquid is glass. Boiled mushrooms can be fried with onions or baked with cheese and vegetables, cooked with potatoes in sour cream, or made into mushroom pasta sauce.
Mushroom risotto recipe
The talkers are boiled, then fried in butter. Dice onions, peppers and tomatoes. Fry vegetables in a pan in vegetable oil, adding crushed garlic to them. Pour washed rice into a pan with vegetables, pour in chicken broth, salt, add spices to taste, and stew until tender. At the end, fried mushrooms, grated hard cheese and chopped fresh herbs are added to the rice. For the recipe you will need: 500 g of boiled mushrooms, 200 g of rice, 800 ml of broth, 20 ml of vegetable oil, 50 g of butter, 1 onion, 1 tomato, 2 sweet peppers, 2 cloves of garlic, 50 g of hard cheese, salt, spices and greens to taste.
The bent talker is edible. It grows in deciduous forests. It is popular with mushroom pickers in European countries due to its long fruiting season. Mushrooms are eaten stewed, fried and boiled. They make delicious pickled blanks for the winter. In Russia, these mushrooms are listed in the Red Book, and are rare species that should not be collected.