Growing the popular Jonathan apple tree

Growing the popular Jonathan apple tree

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The Jonathan apple tree was bred in America using a variety under the interesting name Aesop Spitsenburg. The parental variety is not very popular today, and even its description in publications for gardeners is quite rare.

Jonathan apples appeared on the market at the end of the 19th century and almost immediately won the recognition of consumers around the world. A feature of this variety is a fairly late ripening period, which suggests wide distribution in the southern regions, where the winter period is quite soft.

Today, the variety is very popular and occupies a leading position. It is recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus by the state registry.

Grade description

Fruit trees have medium growth strength and a wide, rounded crown, slightly leafy, of medium thickening. Skeletal branches are of average thickness and extend from the stem at an acute angle. Over time, the main branches take a slightly wilted appearance under the weight of ripening apples. The color of the bark on the standard part and branches is brown with a slight greenish tint.

Fruiting refers to the mixed type, the formation of fruits is observed mainly on the ringworms, as well as on fruit rods, spears or annual growths. The kidneys have a moderate degree of excitability and are characterized by a high shoot-forming ability. Shoots of small thickness, have a greenish or brown color, as well as a weakly angled shape and a strong degree of pubescence.

The leaves are small or medium in size and have an elongated ovoid shape. The marginal part is slightly elevated, slightly wavy, with the presence of serrate-toothed serration. The surface of the leaf blades is matte, with a slight wrinkle. A characteristic feature of the Jonathan apple tree is a bluish or silver coating on green foliage, which is caused by dense pubescence.

Flowering is characterized by abundance and is observed in the medium-late period. Pollen of medium viability. As a result of free pollination, no more than one third of the fruit sets. The best pollinators for the apple trees of this variety are Golden Delicious, Idared and Macintosh. The variety has a tendency to self-fertility.

Formed fruits are one-dimensional, medium in size. Apple weight can vary from 100 to 150 grams. Fruits have a slightly flattened round or round conical shape with a smooth (very rarely ribbed) surface.

The main fruit coloration is greenish with a slight yellow tint. Coating covers almost the entire surface of the apple and has the form of a blurry or slightly striped blush of dark red color. The hypodermic points are white and clearly visible on the skin of the fruit, which is a distinctive feature of the variety. The skin is quite thin, but has a density and elasticity. The peduncle is thin and shortened. Seed chambers of the closed type.

How the Jonathan Apple Tree Blossoms

Nutritional Value of a Variety

The pulp of the fruits just taken from the apple tree has a very pleasant greenish-white color. Fully ripened apples have a light cream or light yellow flesh with a dense structure, a pleasant aroma and a high level of juiciness. The fruits are characterized by excellent dessert properties and have a wine-sweet taste. Evaluation of the taste of fruits according to the results of tasting and in accordance with the scale is 4.4-4.5 points.

The chemical composition of the Jonathan fruit may vary depending on growing conditions:

  • solids content in apples is slightly less than 14%;
  • the total sugar content may be from 10.5 to 11%;
  • titrated acid content does not exceed 0.65%;
  • the ascorbic acid content in one hundred grams of fruit pulp is not more than 6 milligrams;
  • the content of P-active substances in one hundred grams of apples does not exceed 100 milligrams.

Jonathan apples are popular and in demand. They are widely used and are used in various forms.

Planting and Care Rules

Before planting apple seedlings of a variety such as Jonathan, It is very important to check the compliance of climatic conditions with the recommended parameters. The climate in the region of the proposed cultivation should be mild. In the presence of temperature indicators in the winter period below fifteen degrees of frost, non-frost-resistant plants can suffer. In the northern regions, a shift in the harvest period to the beginning of October may be observed.

Important to remember, that apple seedlings of the Jonathan variety are recommended to be purchased in special garden centers or nurseries. The optimal seedling height should not exceed 80 centimeters. The best time to plant is spring. As a rule, landing is carried out in mid or late April. Apple trees of this variety are placed with a distance of at least 3 meters between the seedlings.

The young seedlings of the apple tree "Jonathan" require measures to protect from scorching sunlight, as well as gusty winds. If necessary, young garden plantings should be shaded with special nets or other material.

However, trees develop well only with sufficient lighting and do not tolerate constant shading.

It is preferable to plant the plants on loamy or sandy loam soil. To obtain a plentiful harvest from the Jonathan apple tree, care should be taken about the fertility of the soil for planting seedlings. Depleted and depleted soil becomes the main reason for chopping fruits and reducing yields.

Standard care measures include systematic irrigation and fertilizing, which have a beneficial effect on the growth and development of the plant. It should be remembered that fruit seedlings purchased in nurseries need to be pruned only a year after planting.

Harvesting and storing varieties

The harvesting period for the Jonathan apple tree may vary, but on average falls on the last days of September. You can keep the fruits fresh until the middle of the spring period. If storage conditions are not observed, the fruits of this variety often fade and become unpleasant bitterness.

Apples very well tolerate long transportation, and the variety itself is recommended for private garden plantings and for commercial cultivation.

You can also learn about the varietal features of Florina apple trees.

Cooking Application

The taste of Jonathan apples can vary from mild to sufficiently tart, depending on the climate in the cultivation region. Fruits are characterized by the presence of a spicy and strong enough flavor. Crisp and juicy flesh is hidden under a thin, but rather tough skin.

The Jonathan variety of apples can be consumed fresh, and also used to prepare various dishes. The bright taste of the fruit makes it possible to add them to sauces. It should be remembered that apples of this variety are not very suitable for baking, because they poorly hold their shape and blur when exposed to high temperatures. However, the fruits serve as an excellent raw material for the preparation of various pastries, and are also good as a filler for pancakes. Different desserts are made from fruits. Jonathan apples are often used as an addition to poultry dishes. You can make delicious drinks from them, as well as fragrant and tasty jam, jam or jam.

How to deal with apple scab

It should be remembered that this variety is not recommended for people with a tendency to allergic reactions. However, for everyone else, the inclusion of these fruits in the diet will only benefit.

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