How to choose the right stones to create a rock garden

Stones for an alpine hill should be selected, according to some rules. The creation of a rock garden begins with the selection of these elements.

Types of stones

The material used for rock garden should be beautiful. However, the composition should look natural, so as not to create the feeling that this is a piece of nature created by human hands. It is better to take the following types of stones:

  • Granite. Heavy, tight. Almost does not absorb moisture. It can be grayish, reddish-brownish, almost black. You should know that it enhances the acidity of the soil, so it is recommended to place heather and coniferous trees in rock gardens.

  • Limestone. Soft. It absorbs moisture well, in dry periods it gives it to the roots of plants. Reduces soil acidity. Over time, mosses and lichens begin to grow on the soil, which makes the rock garden picturesque. Limestone can easily be given any shape. Tufa has a pinkish or white color, dolomite - gray, white, brown.
  • Shale rocks. They look beautiful thanks to the layered structure. Color: reddish brown, black, burgundy, greenish.
  • Sandstone. Can be combined with different plants. This is the most popular option. Boulders are smooth, have a wide range of shades. It goes well with pebbles. Color - brownish, beige, reddish, cream.

Features of choice

What stones to choose for rock garden? Follow the basic rules of choice.

  • An excellent option will be: tufa, sandstone, slate, limestone, granite.
  • Do not use pressed stones, fragments of concrete.
  • If you have the opportunity, it is best to purchase boulders in a quarry.
  • During the construction process, take stones of the same type.
  • The stone must have an eroded surface.
  • Do not use boulders from fields and meadows.

A stone such as sandstone is often chosen because it has a wide variety of shades. The contours of the boulders are usually rounded. If there are sharp corners, they persist for a long time.

DIY Alpine slide

In the garden, limestone is also often used. But it quickly erodes. Over time, lichens and mosses may appear on the stone. Among the shortcomings, it is worth noting the fact that plants that do not like limestone soils poorly take root on limestone.

For rock garden, you can use tuff. Its porous structure allows plants to grow quickly, and it is also quite light.

Granite is rarely used in rock gardens. It is aging too slowly, has a solid structure.

Shale can be used in the garden. It is beautiful, red-violet or gray. The sharp angles of the boulder are smoothed over time.

Item Requirements

In a garden there should be only correctly chosen stones.

  • If the terrain is flat, the boulders should be smooth, and it is recommended to use large and large pieces of rock on the slopes.
  • The spaces between the stones should be filled with pebbles or slate.
  • Large boulders should be slightly buried in the ground. This is necessary in order to give the impression that the rock independently "emerged" from the soil.
  • When using greenery in the garden, it is worth giving preference to stones of different colors, if you intend to plant flowers, stone elements should be neutral shades.

In one area, it is better to use the same rocks of different sizes. They should be slightly weathered for greater conviction.

Sizes of stones

The smaller the rock garden, the less stones will be required for it. Large boulders are used only for slides larger than a meter. Large stones look good on single-slope slides. A breed with strongly protruding corners should not be used. Only 3 identical products may be used at the rock garden.

Important remember that between the herbs should remain areas without vegetation. Rock gardens should be supplemented with lichens or mosses, located near the base of the stones. After the plants become old enough, they are mulched with pebbles. But this must be done carefully so as not to damage the trunks. This will create a feeling of a rocky slope and weeds can be prevented.

You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about the rules for caring for an alpine hill.

Combination and placement rules

  • Various types of stones are recommended to be used without cement. This will greatly facilitate the work of creating a slide. The height of the structure should reach 0.5-1.5 m.
  • All types of stones should be placed harmoniously. The effect of natural exposure of the landscape should be achieved.

It is important that the direction of the bulging of boulders is the same, otherwise it will create the impression that you are just randomly scattered stones. Take into account the distance between the pebbles. Between it there should be enough space for plants.

  • Some people like it when stone elements play a dominant role, while others prefer it to serve only as a backdrop. In practice, the choice of one or another option depends on the quality of the breed.
  • Soft rocks can be emphasized with spectacular plants. If you have textured boulders, it is worth emphasizing their beauty. Breeds with impregnations of an unusual color with crinkles look good in the hill.
  • It is important to choose the right amount of stones. If there are not enough, smoothing of the slopes or slipping of the soil during rain can be noted.
  • The main elements are flat boulders, along which it will be possible to move in order to take care of the hill and the plants planted on it.

Views of the alpine slides from stones

There are various types of landscape structures made of stone.

  1. Mountain Creek. Naturally landscape design looks only against the background of the natural terrain. The stones should have a natural shape, and the slide should not be bulky.
  2. Hillside. Sophisticated design. The composition is a mountain scree, which is fixed by dwarf pines.
  3. Alpine lawn. Presented slide should resemble an alpine meadow and be as comfortable as possible for plants.
  4. Mountain valley. A garden resembling an alpine valley. Complex art composition.
  5. Cliff or rocks. Very large boulders are used.
  6. Gorge. The walls of the hill are stone. The height of the walls is different.

We also offer you to find out how you can independently make an inclined rock garden in the garden.

The stone garden. Landscape Tricks

To create an alpine slide, stones are selected taking into account some rules. So, they must all be of the same breed. Size is selected based on the idea - boulders can be used as a background or as the main designer products. Of the types of rocks that are most often used to create slides, it is worth noting limestone, granite, sandstone and slate.

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