How to grow a good harvest of winter garlic?

How to grow a good harvest of winter garlic?

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Each summer resident has a list of crops that he grows in the garden without fail. If it does not top the list, then it is among the first, garlic.

The benefits of garlic are undeniable; humanity has been eating it for more than 5 millennia.

How to grow so much garlic on the notorious country cottages of six hundred parts so that the family can last for a year? Is it possible to?

If you follow all the agrotechnical requirements, then quite.

Garlic is planted in the winter (winter) and spring (spring). The features of growing winter varieties will be discussed.

Planted from September to December, depending on the region. The place is chosen open, not shaded by tall plants. You can’t plant garlic in one place for several years - it will begin to hurt infectious diseases. Well, if his predecessors were nightshade, pumpkin and cruciferous. Garlic is adjacent to berry bushes and strawberries.

Favorably affects cucumbers and potatoes.

Preparation of soil and planting material

Before planting, the soil is decontaminated - the site is shed with potassium permanganate.

The culture feels good on neutral soils. In the acidified make lime or dolomite flour in a glass per 1 square. m. Fresh organic is not recommended. Humus is brought under the previous plants, and under winter garlic - sawdust, sand.

In the cultivation a week before planting, ash and complex fertilizers are used. When the earth settles, they add ammonium nitrate, and garlic is planted in a day or two.

Large heads of this year's crop are taken for landing. Disassemble into cloves of the same size on the day of planting. The seedlings harvested earlier lose the energy of seedlings, and long-term storage of the teeth destroys the seeds completely.

Seeds are soaked in potassium permanganate for half an hour and planted. They also disinfect the solution of copper sulfate, immersing the cloves in the liquid for one minute.

Landing and care

The teeth are buried in the soil by 5-7 cm, 8-12 cm from each other, a chopper (approximately 25 cm) should pass between the rows. If the garlic is not deep enough, the heads are crushed from spring heating of the earth. When the soil is dry, grooves are shed with water before planting. The soil is leveled, mulched.

Care involves:

  • Loosening - removes the upper crust along with the primordia of weeds, gives the roots oxygen;
  • Watering - as needed. If it rains a lot, stop watering. During this period, the green mass is actively growing, overflow will lead to fungus and root rot;
  • Top dressing combined with watering. The first is a urea solution, the second is nitroammophosic, and the third (on poor soils) is superphosphate. If the aboveground mass does not increase well, foliar top dressing with water-soluble preparations with trace elements is carried out.

Sowing material cannot be used from year to year, garlic will degenerate. Seeds are periodically updated.

When garlic throws an arrow, they break it off.

As a vegetable crop, garlic is exposed to fungal and viral diseases. Chemicals are not used. An effective and safe method is biofungicides.

Harvested in late July. They dig up plants, dry, cut, leaving columns.

The cycle is completed, in October everything will be repeated again.

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