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The upcoming summer for summer residents who have a private household means a lot of different activities and activities for caring for plants in the garden, gardens, flower gardens and greenhouses, as well as the continuation of the planting and sowing campaign.
What is planted in June
According to popular beliefs, this summer comes after June 10 and is marked by the flowering of rose hips. Therefore, it is believed that heat-loving crops (and these are tomatoes, cucumbers, pumpkin, zucchini, squash, late cabbage varieties, etc.) are best planted in open ground at the beginning of the second June decade.
Those gardeners who decide to trust the forecasts for warm weather are advised to play it safe and cover with planting film in order to protect them from return frosts.
Until June 10, winter radish seeds and cauliflower are planted for second-term seedlings. It's time to spend another sowing of dill, salad and other herbs.
In addition to planting and caring for seedlings, in June it will be necessary to deal with weeding and thinning carrots, beets and other root crops available on the site. The first days of June are the best time for this work, because if we allow thickening of crops, the harvest will be worse and the quality of vegetables will suffer.
Cucumber seedlings are recommended to thin out in mid-June, leaving the largest plants. Fertile soil should be added under the cucumbers, since loosening cucumbers is not worth it because of the danger of touching the surface roots. When the fifth or sixth leaves appear on the plants, the top should be clipped to spur the growth of lateral shoots with female flowers, on which the fruits will form.
The beds with strawberries, as well as flower stalks, need to be mulched, for which it is better to use straw or fresh sawdust. At the same time, remove the antennae, except for those that are needed for seedlings. In order for the antennae to take root, they must be attached to the soil.
On beds with onions and garlic, pluck arrows without seeds, thin out seedlings
You can also dive. If you grow peas, now it’s time for him to establish supports, if necessary, loosen the soil, remove weeds, feed and do not forget to water well.
If you notice that the tying of your tomatoes in the greenhouse is not good, then use drugs such as Bud or Ovary. When transferring to open ground, note that tomatoes do not like the neighborhood with potatoes or the places where they grew last year.
Potatoes are especially afraid of return frosts, therefore, it is necessary to either cover or spud. In the second half of the month, the potatoes should again be spudded, paying attention to the appearance of pests like the Colorado potato beetle.
In June, radishes, greens, onions, lettuce, and spinach are harvested. After harvesting from some crops, so that free space on the beds does not disappear in vain, you can sow kale, turnips, radishes, or again plant spinach, radishes, lettuce.
By the way, in June it is recommended to lay compost, the benefit of grass, weeds (only take those without seeds) and other plant debris in the area accumulates enough.
In June, trees are fed with appropriate fertilizers, mulch the soil. Frozen branches are cut off at cherries and plums. Wild growth to be cut under the base. Also, this time is suitable for planting in the greenhouse seedlings of plum, cherry, gooseberries, currants. Do not forget about regular watering of trees. For 7-12 summer trees, a lot of water is required, about 10-15 buckets. In June, flowering ends and the fruit-setting process begins, which is why trees especially need water. So that the water in the soil brings maximum benefits and penetrates to the roots, it is necessary to engage in loosening and mulching in a timely manner.
So that frosts are not taken by surprise, it is necessary to prepare smoke piles. When the probability of frost disappears, you can get rid of heaps.
June is the month of berry ripening. If the weather is dry, the temperatures are high, then you definitely need to generously water raspberry bushes, wild strawberries, sea buckthorn, currants, etc.
The tops of the shoots of raspberry and blackberry, reaching a length of 1 m, must be pinched. Such a measure will help to get a richer crop for the next year.
Bushes of currants, gooseberries must be carefully examined. Some berries may be infected by sawfly larvae. You can determine this by the degree of staining, the infected berries look already ripe.
If you planted gooseberry cuttings in a greenhouse, then in the first decade of June, the soil around them must be loosened and mulched. After the currant and gooseberry bushes bloom, it is recommended to spray them. If signs of anthracnose and rust are visible on the bushes, then a one percent solution of Bordeaux liquid is used, against powdery mildew spraying with a soapy solution of soda ash (50 g soda, 40 g soap, 10 l water) is good.
Blackcurrant is especially needed for good watering, but other berry bushes need water so that the ovaries do not crumble. Watering can be carried out simultaneously with the addition of liquid top dressing.
Summer chores in the summer
Pest and Disease Control
In the first summer month, many pests are activated, so fruit trees and bushes on the site should be carefully examined for harmful insects.
In the middle of the month, the apple trees should be treated with a solution of enterobacterin or karbofos, the first substance in an amount of 100 g is dissolved in 10 l of water, the second is taken in the same volume of water 30 g.
Do not forget to inspect the hunting belts on the trees and carry out the elimination of harmful insects. Do not be lazy to collect the fallen ovary, which must be burned, as it may contain a codling moth.
In the third decade of June, tomatoes, which are generally susceptible to many plant diseases, must be treated with late blight. At the same time, they carry out the herding procedure and tie the stem to the support.
June flower care
In June, flower seedlings are still planted, as well as dahlias and carpet species of flowers. At the same time, cuttings of perennial species are carried out. The main measures for caring for flowers at this time are expressed in loosening the soil around them, removing weeds and shoots that have already faded. Of course, it is necessary to water and feed in a timely manner. Some flowers (gladioli, dahlias) may need additional support in the form of pegs.
It is better to water the flowers in the morning, but it is possible in the evening after 18.00. Watering during the day is not recommended because of the risk of burns with flowers. However, tall plants can be watered during the day, the main thing is that the water is warm.
Lawns are mowed in June, green hedges and decorative shears give them an aesthetic shape. In lilacs and grafted roses, it is necessary to remove the wild shoots that appear at this time in time.
Noticing the yellowing of the leaves of tulips and hyacinths, you need to dig out the bulbs, dry and store until autumn planting in a well-ventilated area.
Yellowed leaves of mouse hyacinth, snowdrops, and crocuses signal that it is time to dig them out, and then separate the bulbs and nests and plant them in another place.
It is in such concerns that June takes place among gardeners, florists and gardeners, there are a lot of cases, but if you do everything in a timely manner, you will be able to find time to relax. Fruitful work and good rest in June!